Cyperaceae

Cyperaceae
Pycreus.jpg
Cyperus polystachyos flower head
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Monocots
Clade:Commelinids
Order:Poales
Family:Cyperaceae
Juss.[1]
Genera

About 109 (not all listed here)

The Cyperaceae are a family of monocotyledonous graminoid flowering plants known as sedges, which superficially resemble grasses and rushes. The family is large, with some 5,500 known species described in about 90 genera,[2][3] the largest being the "true sedges" genus Carex[4][5] with over 2,000 species.[6] These species are widely distributed, with the centers of diversity for the group occurring in tropical Asia and tropical South America. While sedges may be found growing in almost all environments, many are associated with wetlands, or with poor soils. Ecological communities dominated by sedges are known as sedgelands.

Features distinguishing members of the sedge family from grasses or rushes are stems with triangular cross-sections (with occasional exceptions) and leaves that are spirally arranged in three ranks (grasses have alternate leaves forming two ranks).[7][8][9]

Some well-known sedges include the water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) and the papyrus sedge (Cyperus papyrus), from which the Ancient Egyptian writing material was made. This family also includes cotton-grass (Eriophorum), spike-rush (Eleocharis), sawgrass (Cladium), nutsedge or nutgrass (Cyperus rotundus, a common lawn weed), and white star sedge (Rhynchospora colorata).

Selected genera

Broad-leaved cotton-grass ( Eriophorum latifolium)
Carex serotina
Other Languages
العربية: سعدية (نبات)
asturianu: Cyperaceae
azərbaycanca: Cilkimilər
беларуская: Асаковыя
български: Острицови
català: Ciperàcia
Cebuano: Cyperaceae
čeština: Šáchorovité
español: Cyperaceae
Esperanto: Ciperacoj
euskara: Cyperaceae
فارسی: جگنیان
français: Cyperaceae
Gaeilge: Cíb
한국어: 사초과
हिन्दी: साइपरेसी
hornjoserbsce: Cachorowe rostliny
hrvatski: Šiljovke
Ido: Karico
Bahasa Indonesia: Cyperaceae
íslenska: Stararætt
italiano: Cyperaceae
Basa Jawa: Cyperaceae
ქართული: ისლისებრნი
ລາວ: ວົງຜື
Latina: Cyperaceae
lietuvių: Viksvuoliniai
magyar: Palkafélék
മലയാളം: സൈപറേസീ
Nordfriisk: Raidgäärs
norsk nynorsk: Storrfamilien
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Hiloldoshlar
polski: Ciborowate
português: Cyperaceae
română: Ciperacee
русский: Осоковые
Scots: Cyperaceae
Simple English: Cyperaceae
српски / srpski: Cyperaceae
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Cyperaceae
suomi: Sarakasvit
svenska: Halvgräs
తెలుగు: సైపరేసి
lea faka-Tonga: Pako
Türkçe: Papirüsgiller
українська: Осокові
Tiếng Việt: Họ Cói
Winaray: Cyperaceae
中文: 莎草科