Cynegils

Cynegils
Winchestercathedralburialchestkyngils.jpg
Mortuary chest in Winchester Cathedral that purports to contain Cynegils's bones
King of Wessex
Reign c. 611 – c. 642
Predecessor Ceolwulf
Successor Cenwalh
Died c. 642
Burial Winchester Cathedral
Issue Cenwalh
Kyneburga (Cyneburg)?
House Wessex
Britain peoples circa 600.svg

Cynegils [kyneɣɪls] was King of Wessex from c. 611 to c. 642. Cynegils is traditionally considered to have been King of Wessex, but the familiar kingdoms of the so-called Heptarchy had not yet formed from the patchwork of smaller kingdoms in his lifetime. [1] The later kingdom of Wessex was centred on the counties of Hampshire, Dorset, Somerset, and Wiltshire, but the evidence of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is that the kingdom of Cynegils was located on the upper River Thames, extending into northern Wiltshire and Somerset, southern Gloucestershire and Oxfordshire, and western Berkshire, with Dorchester-on-Thames as one of the major royal sites. This region, probably connected to the early tribal grouping known as the Gewisse, a term used by Bede for the West Saxons, lay on the frontier between the later kingdoms of Wessex and Mercia. [2]

Genealogy

It appears that Cynegils became king on the death of King Ceolwulf c. 611. His relationship to Ceolwulf is uncertain. Cynegils is variously described in West Saxon sources as being a son of Ceolwulf, a son of Ceol brother of Ceolwulf, a son of Ceola son of Cutha, a son of Cuthwine son of Ceawlin, and a son of Cuthwulf son of Cuthwine. Several of the sources give Cynegils a brother named Ceolwald, described as the grandfather of King Ine. [3] Although the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and Wessex king lists portray the West Saxons as ruled by a single king, it is likely that the kingship was shared between two or more kings. [4]

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for the year 611 states: "This year Cynegils succeeded to the government in Wessex, and held it one and thirty winters. Cynegils was the son of Ceol, Ceol of Cutha, Cutha of Cynric." [5] Contradicting this simple account, the entry under 614 states that "This year Cynegils and Cwichelm fought at Beandun, [6] and slew two thousand and forty-six of the Welsh." Likewise, Bede writes that the attempted assassination of King Edwin of Northumbria in 626 was ordered by Cwichelm, king of the West Saxons. [7] Whether the King Cwichelm of 614 is the same person as the king of the late 620s, and whether this person is the same as the Cwichelm who was baptised, and died, c. 636, is disputed. Some historians presume Cwichelm to have been a son of Cynegils. [8]

In 628, Cynegils and Cwichelm fought King Penda at Cirencester. The Chronicle [9] could be expected to report a victory, but does not, so it is likely that Penda was the victor. [10] Cynegils and Cwichelm appear to have been subject to Edwin of Northumbria by this time, paying an enormous tribute of a hundred thousand hides if Nick Higham's conception of the Tribal Hidage's origins is correct. [11]

Other Languages
čeština: Cynegils
Deutsch: Cynegils
Esperanto: Cynegils
français: Cynegils
Nederlands: Cynegils
português: Cynegils de Wessex
Simple English: Cynegils of Wessex
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Cynegils od Wessexa