Cyclanthera pedata

Cyclanthera pedata
Cyclanthera pedata z02.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Cucurbitales
Family:Cucurbitaceae
Genus:Cyclanthera
Species:C. pedata
Binomial name
Cyclanthera pedata
(L.) Schrader
Synonyms[1]
  • Anguria pedatisecta Nees & Mart. [Spelling variant]
  • Anguria pedisecta Nees & Mart.
  • Apodanthera pedisecta (Nees & Mart.) Cogn.
  • Cyclanthera digitata Arn.
  • Cyclanthera edulis Naudin ex Huber
  • Momordica pedata L.

Cyclanthera pedata, locally known by its Quechua names kaywa[2] (pronounced kai-wa, hispanicized spellings caigua, caihua, caygua, cayua) or achuqcha[2][3] (also spelled achocha, achogcha, achojcha, achokcha, archucha), is a herbaceous vine grown for its edible mature fruit, which is predominantly used as a vegetable. Kaywa is known from cultivation only, and its large fruit size as compared to closely related wild species suggests that it is a fully domesticated crop. Its use goes back many centuries as evidenced by ancient phytomorphic ceramics from Peru depicting the fruits. It is also known as slipper gourd, lady's slipper, sparrow gourd (Chinese: 小雀瓜; pinyin: xiǎoquè guā), pepino in Colombia, stuffing cucumber in English.

Origin and distribution

Domesticated in the Andes and traditionally distributed from Colombia to Bolivia, the kaywa is now grown in many parts of Central America. The Moche culture had a fascination with agriculture and displayed this in their art. The kaywa was often depicted in their ceramics.[4]

Other Languages
čeština: Ačokča
नेपाली: बरेला
Runa Simi: Achuqcha
Sranantongo: Caigua
српски / srpski: Дивљи краставац
svenska: Korila
Tiếng Việt: Cyclanthera pedata
中文: 小雀瓜