(1982), an influential cyberpunk film.
Cyberpunk is a of subgenre in a science fiction setting that tends to focus on a "combination of lowlife and futuristic " high tech featuring advanced technological and scientific achievements, such as  and artificial intelligence , juxtaposed with a degree of breakdown or radical change in the cybernetics . social order 
Much of cyberpunk is rooted in the
movement of the 1960s and 70s, when writers like New Wave science fiction , Philip K. Dick , Roger Zelazny , J. G. Ballard , and Philip Jose Farmer examined the impact of drug culture, technology, and the sexual revolution while avoiding the utopian tendencies of earlier science fiction. Released in 1984, Harlan Ellison ’s influential William Gibson debut novel would help solidify cyberpunk as a genre, drawing influence from Neuromancer and early punk subculture . Other influential cyberpunk writers included hacker culture and Bruce Sterling . Rudy Rucker
Early films in the genre include
’s 1982 film Ridley Scott , one of several of Philip K. Dick's works that have been adapted into films. The films Blade Runner Johnny Mnemonic and  , New Rose Hotel  both based upon short stories by William Gibson, flopped commercially and critically. More recent additions to this genre of  include the 2017 release of filmmaking , sequel to the original 1982 film, and the 2018 Blade Runner 2049 TV series Netflix . Altered Carbon
Lawrence Person has attempted to define the content and ethos of the cyberpunk literary movement stating:
Classic cyberpunk characters were marginalized, alienated loners who lived on the edge of society in generally dystopic futures where daily life was impacted by rapid technological change, an ubiquitous datasphere of computerized information, and invasive modification of the human body.
Cyberpunk plots often center on conflict among
, artificial intelligences , and hackers , and tend to be set in a near-future megacorporations , rather than in the far-future settings or galactic vistas found in novels such as Earth 's Isaac Asimov or Foundation 's Frank Herbert . Dune The settings are usually  post-industrial but tend to feature extraordinary cultural ferment and the use of technology in ways never anticipated by its original inventors ("the street finds its own uses for things"). dystopias Much of the genre's atmosphere echoes  , and written works in the genre often use techniques from film noir . detective fiction