Crown dependencies

Location of the Crown dependencies (red) and the United Kingdom (dark grey)
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The Crown dependencies (French: Dépendances de la Couronne, Manx: Croghaneyn-crooin) are three island territories off the coast of Great Britain that are self-governing possessions of the Crown: the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man. They do not form part of either the United Kingdom or the British Overseas Territories.[1][2] Internationally, the dependencies are considered "territories for which the United Kingdom is responsible", rather than sovereign states.[3] As a result, they are not member states of the Commonwealth of Nations.[4] However, they do have relationships with the Commonwealth, the European Union, and other international organisations, and are members of the British–Irish Council. They have their own teams in the Commonwealth Games. They are not part of the European Union (EU), although they are within the EU's customs area. The Isle of Man (along with the United Kingdom) is within the EU's VAT area.

As the Crown dependencies are not sovereign states, the power to pass legislation affecting the islands ultimately rests with the government of the United Kingdom. However they each have their own legislative assemblies, with the power to legislate on many local matters with the assent of the Crown (Privy Council, or in the case of the Isle of Man in certain circumstances the Lieutenant-Governor).[5] In each case, the head of government is referred to as the Chief Minister.


"The Crown" is defined differently in each Crown Dependency. In Jersey, statements in the 21st century of the constitutional position by the Law Officers of the Crown define it as the "Crown in right of Jersey",[6] with all Crown land in the Bailiwick of Jersey belonging to the Crown in right of Jersey and not to the Crown Estate of the United Kingdom.[7] Legislation of the Isle of Man defines the "Crown in right of the Isle of Man" as being separate from the "Crown in right of the United Kingdom".[8] In Guernsey, legislation refers to the "Crown in right of the Bailiwick",[9] and the Law Officers of the Crown of Guernsey submitted that "The Crown in this context ordinarily means the Crown in right of the république of the Bailiwick of Guernsey"[10] and that this comprises "the collective governmental and civic institutions, established by and under the authority of the Monarch, for the governance of these Islands, including the States of Guernsey and legislatures in the other Islands, the Royal Court and other courts, the Lieutenant Governor, Parish authorities, and the Crown acting in and through the Privy Council."[11] This constitutional concept is also worded as the "Crown in right of the Bailiwick of Guernsey".[10]

Name Flag Arms Location Title of Monarch Area Population Capital
Bailiwick of Guernsey
Flag of Guernsey.svg
Coat of arms of Guernsey.svg
English Channel Duke of Normandy 78 km2 (30 sq mi) 65,849 Saint Peter Port
(capital of the whole Bailiwick
and of Guernsey also)
Flag of Alderney.svg
Blason Aurigny.svg
Saint Anne
Flag of Sark.svg
Coat of arms of Sark.svg
The Seigneurie (de facto;
Sark does not have a capital city)
Bailiwick of Jersey
Flag of Jersey.svg
Jersey coa.svg
118.2 km2 (46 sq mi) 100,080 Saint Helier
Isle of Man
Flag of the Isle of Mann.svg
Coat of arms of the Isle of Man.svg
Irish Sea Lord of Mann 572 km2 (221 sq mi) 84,997 Douglas
Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Taxt-tac əraziləri
беларуская: Каронныя землі
bosanski: Krunski posjed
한국어: 왕실속령
hrvatski: Krunski posjed
Bahasa Indonesia: Dependensi Kerajaan
Nederlands: Brits Kroonbezit
norsk nynorsk: Kroneige
Simple English: Crown dependencies
slovenščina: Kronske odvisnosti
српски / srpski: Крунски поседи
українська: Коронні володіння
中文: 王冠屬地