Croatia ( / (, ) listen ; AY-shə : Croatian Hrvatska, pronounced ), officially the [xř̩ʋaːtskaː] Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Republika Hrvatska, · listen ( help )) info , is a country at the crossroads of [d] and Central , on the Southeast Europe . It borders Adriatic Sea to the northwest, Slovenia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Serbia , and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast, sharing a Montenegro with maritime border . Its capital, Italy , forms one of the country's Zagreb , along with primary subdivisions . Croatia has an area of 56,594 square kilometres (21,851 square miles) and a population of 4.28 million, most of whom are twenty counties . Roman Catholics
Inhabited since the
, the Paleolithic Age arrived in the area in the 6th century and organised the territory into two duchies by the 9th century. Croatia was first internationally recognized as an independent state on 7 June 879 during the reign of duke Croats . Branimir became the first king by 925, elevating Croatia to the status of a Tomislav , which retained its sovereignty for nearly two centuries. During the succession crisis after the Trpimirović dynasty ended, Croatia kingdom a entered with personal union in 1102. In 1527, faced with Hungary , the Croatian Parliament elected Ottoman conquest to the Croatian throne. In October 1918, in the final days of Ferdinand I of Austria , the World War I , independent from Austria-Hungary, was proclaimed in Zagreb, and in December 1918 it was State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs the merged into . Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Following the Axis
in April 1941, most of the Croatian territory was incorporated into the invasion of Yugoslavia which led to the development of a Nazi-backed client-state and the creation of the resistance movement which after the war become a founding member and a federal constituent of the Federal State of Croatia . On 25 June 1991, Croatia Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia , which came wholly into effect on 8 October of the same year. The declared independence was fought successfully for four years following the declaration. Croatian War of Independence
of Croatia is a sovereign state governed under a republic and a parliamentary system with a developed country . It is a member of the very high standard of living (EU), the European Union (UN), the United Nations , Council of Europe , the NATO (WTO), and a founding member of the World Trade Organization . As an active participant in the Union for the Mediterranean , Croatia has contributed troops to the UN peacekeeping forces and took a non-permanent seat on the NATO-led mission in Afghanistan for the 2008–2009 term. Since 2000, the UN Security Council has constantly invested in infrastructure, especially Croatian government along the transport routes and facilities . Pan-European corridors is dominated by Croatia's economy and service and agriculture. industrial sectors is a significant source of revenue, with Croatia ranked among the Tourism most popular tourist destinations in the world. The state controls a part of the economy, with substantial government expenditure. The European Union is Croatia's most important top 20 . Croatia provides a trading partner , social security system, and a tuition-free universal health care , while supporting primary and secondary education through numerous public institutions and corporate investments in culture and media . publishing
is the oldest preserved monument containing an inscription defining a Croatian medieval ruler as a duke of Croats
derives from name of Croatia Medieval Latin Croātia. Itself a derivation of North-West Slavic *Xrovat-, by from Common Slavic period liquid metathesis , from proposed * Xorvat Proto-Slavic *Xъrvátъ which possibly comes from Old Persian *xaraxwat-. The word is attested by the  toponym Old Iranian Harahvait- which is the native name of .
The origin of the name is uncertain, but is thought to be a
or Gothic term assigned to a Indo-Aryan . Slavic tribe The oldest preserved record of the Croatian  ethnonym *xъrvatъ is of variable stem, attested in the in Baška tablet style zvъnъmirъ kralъ xrъvatъskъ (" , Zvonimir "). Croatian king
The first attestation of the Latin term is attributed to a charter of Duke
from the year 852. The original is lost, and just a 1568 copy is preserved, leading to doubts over the authenticity of the claim. The oldest preserved stone inscription is the 9th-century Branimir Inscription found near Trpimir , where Duke Benkovac is styled Branimir Dux Cruatorvm. The is not believed to be dated accurately, but is likely to be from during the period of 879–892, during Branimir's rule.
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: