Cripplegate

Ward of Cripplegate
Ward of Cripplegate is located in Greater London
Ward of Cripplegate
Ward of Cripplegate
Ward of Cripplegate shown within Greater London
Population 2,782 (2011 Census. Ward) [1]
OS grid reference TQ327811
Sui generis
Administrative area Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district EC3
Dialling code 020
Police City of London
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°31′08″N 0°05′38″W / 51°31′08″N 0°05′38″W / 51.519; -0.094

Cripplegate was a gate in the London Wall and a name for the region of the City of London outside the gate. The area was almost entirely destroyed in the Blitz of World War II and today it is the site of the Barbican Estate and Barbican Centre. The name is preserved in the church of St Giles-without-Cripplegate, in the Cripplegate ward of the City, and in a small road named Cripplegate Street which lies slightly to the north of the site of the Wall between Viscount Street and Bridgewater Street. [2]

The ward of Cripplegate straddles the former line of the Wall and the old gate, and remains [3] divided into "Within" and "Without" parts, with a beadle and a deputy ( alderman) appointed for each part. Since the 1994 (City) and 2003 (ward) boundary changes, most of the ward is Without, with the ward of Bassishaw having expanded considerably into the Within area.

History

An illustration of the gate, c. 1650.

In 1068, a burial site in Cripplegate, where Jewin Street now stands, was the only place in England where Jews were permitted to be buried. Those living elsewhere in the country were forced, at great expense and inconvenience, to bring their dead there. [4]

In 1555, John Gresham endowed the new Gresham's School in Norfolk with three tenements in the parish of St. Giles Without Cripplegate, including 'The White Hind' and 'The Peacock'. [5]

During the Second World War the Cripplegate area, a centre of the rag trade, [6] was virtually destroyed and by 1951 the resident population of the City stood at only 5,324, of whom 48 lived in Cripplegate. Discussions began in 1952 about the future of the area, and the decision to build new residential properties was taken by the Court of Common Council on 19 September 1957. The area was reopened as the Barbican Estate in 1969.

Following a boundary change in 1994, the Golden Lane Estate was transferred from Islington to the City, and so Cripplegate is today the most populous of the four residential wards of the City, with a population of 2,782 (2011).

Other Languages
français: Cripplegate
italiano: Cripplegate
Nederlands: Cripplegate