Creative Commons

Creative Commons
Creative Commons logo
FoundedJanuary 15, 2001; 18 years ago (2001-01-15)[1]
FounderLawrence Lessig
FocusExpansion of "reasonable", flexible copyright
MethodCreative Commons license
Key people Edit this at Wikidata

Creative Commons (CC) is an American non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.[2] The organization has released several copyright-licenses, known as Creative Commons licenses, free of charge to the public. These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators. An easy-to-understand one-page explanation of rights, with associated visual symbols, explains the specifics of each Creative Commons license. Creative Commons licenses do not replace copyright but are based upon it. They replace individual negotiations for specific rights between copyright owner (licensor) and licensee, which are necessary under an "all rights reserved" copyright management, with a "some rights reserved" management employing standardized licenses for re-use cases where no commercial compensation is sought by the copyright owner. The result is an agile, low-overhead and low-cost copyright-management regime, benefiting both copyright owners and licensees.

The organization was founded in 2001 by Lawrence Lessig, Hal Abelson, and Eric Eldred[3] with the support of Center for the Public Domain. The first article in a general interest publication about Creative Commons, written by Hal Plotkin, was published in February 2002.[4] The first set of copyright licenses was released in December 2002.[5] The founding management team that developed the licenses and built the Creative Commons infrastructure as we know it today included Molly Shaffer Van Houweling, Glenn Otis Brown, Neeru Paharia, and Ben Adida.[6]

In 2002 the Open Content Project, a 1998 precursor project by David A. Wiley, announced the Creative Commons as successor project and Wiley joined as CC director.[7][8] Aaron Swartz played a role in the early stages of Creative Commons,[9] as did Matthew Haughey.[10]

As of May 2018 there were an 1.4 billion works licensed under the various Creative Commons licenses.[11] Wikipedia uses one of these licenses.[12] As of May 2018, Flickr alone hosts over 415 million Creative Commons licensed photos.[13][14]

Creative Commons is governed by a board of directors. Their licenses have been embraced by many as a way for creators to take control of how they choose to share their copyrighted works.

Purpose and goal

Lawrence Lessig (January 2008)
Creative Commons Japan Seminar, Tokyo (2007)
CC some rights reserved
A sign in a pub in Granada notifies customers that the music they are listening to is freely distributable under a Creative Commons license.
Made with Creative Commons, a 2017 book describing the value of CC licenses.

Creative Commons has been described as being at the forefront of the copyleft movement, which seeks to support the building of a richer public domain by providing an alternative to the automatic "all rights reserved" copyright, and has been dubbed "some rights reserved".[15] David Berry and Giles Moss have credited Creative Commons with generating interest in the issue of intellectual property and contributing to the re-thinking of the role of the "commons" in the "information age". Beyond that, Creative Commons has provided "institutional, practical and legal support for individuals and groups wishing to experiment and communicate with culture more freely."[16]

Creative Commons attempts to counter what Lawrence Lessig, founder of Creative Commons, considers to be a dominant and increasingly restrictive permission culture. Lessig describes this as "a culture in which creators get to create only with the permission of the powerful, or of creators from the past."[17] Lessig maintains that modern culture is dominated by traditional content distributors in order to maintain and strengthen their monopolies on cultural products such as popular music and popular cinema, and that Creative Commons can provide alternatives to these restrictions.[18][19]

Other Languages
aragonés: Creative Commons
azərbaycanca: Creative Commons
Bân-lâm-gú: Creative Commons
беларуская: Creative Commons
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Creative Commons
български: Криейтив Комънс
brezhoneg: Creative Commons
Чӑвашла: Creative Commons
čeština: Creative Commons
Ελληνικά: Creative Commons
Esperanto: Krea Komunaĵo
français: Creative Commons
հայերեն: Creative Commons
Bahasa Indonesia: Creative Commons
interlingua: Creative Commons
íslenska: Creative Commons
עברית: Creative Commons
ქართული: Creative Commons
қазақша: Creative Commons
latviešu: Creative Commons
Lëtzebuergesch: Creative Commons
lietuvių: Creative Commons
македонски: Криејтив комонс
Bahasa Melayu: Creative Commons
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dĭ-sék gê̤ṳng-hiōng
Nederlands: Creative Commons
Nedersaksies: Creative Commons
norsk nynorsk: Creative Commons
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អង្គការ Creative Commons
português: Creative Commons
русский: Creative Commons
саха тыла: Creative Commons
Simple English: Creative Commons
slovenčina: Creative Commons
slovenščina: Creative Commons
српски / srpski: Кријејтив комонс
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Creative Commons
тоҷикӣ: Creative Commons
удмурт: Creative Commons
українська: Creative Commons
Tiếng Việt: Creative Commons
粵語: 共享創意
中文: 知识共享