County of Barcelona

County of Barcelona
Comitatus Barcinonensis
801–1162
The county of Barcelona (red) in the context of peninsular expansion of the Crown of Aragon.
The county of Barcelona (red) in the context of peninsular expansion of the Crown of Aragon.
CapitalBarcelona
Common languagesOccitano-Romance (Old Occitan and Old Catalan)Latin
Religion Chalcedonian Christianity
(Roman Catholic after Great Schism c. 1054)
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
Count of Barcelona 
• 801–820
Berà
• 1131–1162
Ramon Berenguer IV
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Established
801
• Disestablished
1162
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Marca Hispánica
Emirate of Córdoba
Crown of Aragon
Principality of Catalonia
Today part of France
 Spain
   Catalonia

The County of Barcelona (Latin: Comitatus Barcinonensis, Catalan: Comtat de Barcelona) was originally a frontier region under the rule of the Carolingian dynasty. By the end of the 10th century, the Counts of Barcelona were de facto independent, hereditary rulers in constant warfare with the Islamic Caliphate of Córdoba and its successor states. The counts, through marriage alliances and treaties, acquired the other Catalan counties and extended their influence along Occitania. Barcelona formed the nucleus of the emergent Principality of Catalonia.[1] In 1164, the count of Barcelona, Alphons I, inherited the Kingdom of Aragon (as Alphons II). Thenceforward, the history of the county of Barcelona is subsumed within that of the Crown of Aragon, but the city of Barcelona remained preeminent within it.

Origins

Its origins date back to the early 8th century, when Muslims took control of the northern territories of the Visigothic Kingdom of Hispania and modern-day northeastern Spain and southern France. After turning back deep Muslim incursions, the Frankish Empire under the Carolingian monarchs, created the Marches of Gothia and Hispania progressively. This was achieved by taking over the territories of Septimania that the Moors invaded in the 8th century and from these, those territories surrounding the Pyrenees and specially the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula. These eastern Iberian territories were repopulated with people from the March of Gothia.

This resulted in the formation of an effective buffer zone between the Muslim Iberian peninsula and the Duchy of Aquitaine and Provence.[1]

Other Languages