Country music

Country music, also known as country and western (or simply country), and hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.[1] It takes its roots from genres such as American folk music (especially Appalachian folk and Western music) and blues.

Country music often consists of ballads and dance tunes with generally simple forms, folk lyrics, and harmonies mostly accompanied by string instruments such as banjos, electric and acoustic guitars, steel guitars (such as pedal steels and dobros), and fiddles as well as harmonicas.[2][3][4] Blues modes have been used extensively throughout its recorded history.[5]

According to Lindsey Starnes, the term country music gained popularity in the 1940s in preference to the earlier term hillbilly music; it came to encompass Western music, which evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the mid-20th century. In 2009 in the United States, country music was the most listened to rush hour radio genre during the evening commute, and second most popular in the morning commute.[6]

The term country music is used today to describe many styles and subgenres. The origins of country music are found in the folk music of working class Americans, who blended popular songs, Irish and Celtic fiddle tunes, traditional English ballads, cowboy songs, and the musical traditions of various groups of European immigrants.


Immigrants to the southern Appalachian Mountains of eastern North America brought the music and instruments of Europe along with them for nearly 300 years. Country music was "introduced to the world as a Southern phenomenon."[7]

Role of East Tennessee

The U.S. Congress has formally recognized Bristol, Tennessee as the "Birthplace of Country Music",[8] based on the historic Bristol recording sessions of 1927.[9][10][11] Since 2014, the city has been home to the Birthplace of Country Music Museum.[12][13] Historians have also noted the influence of the less-known Johnson City sessions of 1928 and 1929,[14][15] and the Knoxville sessions of 1929 and 1930.[16] In addition, the Mountain City Fiddlers Convention, held in 1925, helped to inspire modern country music. Before these, pioneer settlers, in the Great Smoky Mountains region, had developed a rich musical heritage.[17]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Country-Musik
asturianu: Country
azərbaycanca: Kantri
беларуская: Кантры
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кантры
български: Кънтри
bosanski: Country
català: Country
čeština: Country
Cymraeg: Canu gwlad
dansk: Country
Deutsch: Country-Musik
Ελληνικά: Κάντρι
español: Country
Esperanto: Kontreo
euskara: Country
français: Musique country
Frysk: Country
Gàidhlig: Tuath-Cheòl
한국어: 컨트리 음악
հայերեն: Քանթրի
hrvatski: Country
Ido: Country
Bahasa Indonesia: Musik country
íslenska: Kántrítónlist
italiano: Musica country
עברית: קאנטרי
ქართული: კანტრი
latviešu: Kantrimūzika
lietuvių: Kantri muzika
Limburgs: Country
Lingua Franca Nova: Contri
magyar: Country
македонски: Кантри музика
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကန်းထရီးဂီတ
Nederlands: Countrymuziek
norsk: Country
norsk nynorsk: Country
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Country
português: Música country
română: Muzică country
русский: Кантри
Simple English: Country music
slovenčina: Country
slovenščina: Country
српски / srpski: Кантри музика
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Country
suomi: Country
svenska: Countrymusik
Türkçe: Country
удмурт: Кантри
українська: Кантрі
Tiếng Việt: Nhạc đồng quê
吴语: 乡村音乐
ייִדיש: קאנטערי
粵語: 鄉村音樂
中文: 乡村音乐