Council of Chalcedon

Council of Chalcedon
Fourth ecumenical council of chalcedon - 1876.jpg
Fourth Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon, 1876 painting by Vasily Surikov
Date AD 451
Accepted by Eastern Orthodox Church
Roman Catholic Church
Old Catholic Church
Anglican Communion
Lutheranism
most other Protestants
Previous council
Council of Ephesus
Next council
Second Council of Constantinople
Convoked by Emperor Marcian of the Byzantine Empire
President Anatolius, Patriarch of Constantinople; A board of government officials and senators, led by the patrician Anatolius
Attendance Approx. 520
Topics the judgements issued at the Second Council of Ephesus in 449, the alleged offences of Bishop Dioscorus of Alexandria, the definition of the Godhead and manhood of Christ, many disputes involving particular bishops and sees
Documents and statements
Chalcedonian Creed, 28 canons
Chronological list of Ecumenical councils

The Council of Chalcedon ( ən/ or n/) [1] was a church council held from October 8 to November 1, AD 451, at Chalcedon. The Council is numbered as the fourth ecumenical council by the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and most Protestants. A minority of Christians, subsequently known as Oriental Orthodoxy, do not agree with the council's teachings.

Its most important achievement was to issue the Chalcedonian Definition, stating that Jesus is "perfect both in deity and in humanness; this selfsame one is also actually God and actually man." [2] The Council's judgments and definitions regarding the divine marked a significant turning point in the Christological debates. [3]

Chalcedon was a city in Bithynia, on the Asian side of the Bosphorus; today the city it is part of the Republic of Turkey and is known as Kadıköy (a district of Istanbul).

Background

The Council of Chalcedon was convened by Emperor Marcian, with the reluctant approval of Pope Leo the Great, to set aside the 449 Second Council of Ephesus which would become known as the "Latrocinium" or "Robber Council". [4] The Council of Chalcedon issued the Chalcedonian Definition, which repudiated the notion of a single nature in Christ, and declared that he has two natures in one person and hypostasis. It also insisted on the completeness of his two natures: Godhead and manhood. [5] The council also issued 27 disciplinary canons governing church administration and authority. In a further decree, later known as canon 28, the bishops declared that the See of Constantinople (New Rome) had the same patriarchal status as the See of Rome. [6]

Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: Konsili Kalsedon
Simple English: Council of Chalcedon
slovenščina: Kalcedonski koncil
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Halkedonski sabor
Tiếng Việt: Công đồng Chalcedon