Costa Mesa, California

Costa Mesa, California
City of Costa Mesa
An aerial view of Costa Mesa in March 2011
An aerial view of Costa Mesa in March 2011
Flag of Costa Mesa, California
Flag
Official seal of Costa Mesa, California
Seal
Motto(s): 
"City of the Arts!"
Location of Costa Mesa in Orange County, California
Location of Costa Mesa in Orange County, California
Costa Mesa, California is located in the United States
Costa Mesa, California
Costa Mesa, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°39′54″N 117°54′44″W / 33°39′54″N 117°54′44″W / 33.66500; -117.91222

Costa Mesa is a city in Orange County, California. Since its incorporation in 1953, the city has grown from a semi-rural farming community of 16,840 to a primarily suburban and edge city with an economy based on retail, commerce, and light manufacturing. The population was 109,960 at the 2010 United States Census.

History

Members of the Gabrieleño/Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño nations long inhabited the area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolà, a Spanish expedition led by Junípero Serra named the area Vallejo de Santa Ana (Valley of Saint Anne). On November 1, 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the area's first permanent European settlement in Alta California, New Spain.

In 1801, the Spanish Empire granted 62,500 acres (253 km2) to Jose Antonio Yorba, which he named Rancho San Antonio. Yorba's great rancho included the lands where the communities of Olive, Orange, Villa Park, Santa Ana, Tustin, Costa Mesa and Newport Beach stand today.

After the Mexican-American war, California became part of the United States, and American settlers arrived in this area and formed the town of Fairview in the 1880s near the modern intersection of Harbor Boulevard and Adams Avenue. However, a flood in 1889 wiped out the railroad serving the community, and it shriveled.

To the south, meanwhile, the community of Harper had arisen on a siding of the Santa Ana and Newport Railroad, named after a local rancher. This town prospered on its agricultural goods. On May 11, 1920, Harper changed its name to Costa Mesa, which means "coast table(land)" in Spanish. This is a reference to the city's geography as being a plateau by the coast.

Costa Mesa surged in population during and after World War II, as many thousands trained at Santa Ana Army Air Base and returned after the war with their families. Within three decades of incorporation, the city's population had nearly quintupled.

Other Languages
català: Costa Mesa
Cebuano: Costa Mesa
Deutsch: Costa Mesa
español: Costa Mesa
Esperanto: Costa Mesa
français: Costa Mesa
italiano: Costa Mesa
Kreyòl ayisyen: Costa Mesa, Kalifòni
Nederlands: Costa Mesa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Costa Mesa (California)
پنجابی: کوسٹا میسا
polski: Costa Mesa
português: Costa Mesa
русский: Коста-Меса
Simple English: Costa Mesa
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Costa Mesa, California
svenska: Costa Mesa
татарча/tatarça: Коста-Меса
українська: Коста-Меса
Tiếng Việt: Costa Mesa, California
Volapük: Costa Mesa