Corrèze

Corrèze
Department
Prefecture building of the Corrèze department, in Tulle
Prefecture building of the Corrèze department, in Tulle
Coat of arms of Corrèze
Coat of arms
Location of Corrèze in France
Location of Corrèze in France
Coordinates: 45°20′N 1°50′E / 45°20′N 1°50′E / 45.333; 1.833
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Tulle
Subprefectures Brive-la-Gaillarde
Ussel
Government
 •  President of the General Council Gérard Bonnet ( PS)
Area 1
 • Total 5,857 km2 (2,261 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 240,781
 • Rank 82nd
 • Density 41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET ( UTC+1)
 • Summer ( DST) CEST ( UTC+2)
Department number 19
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 283
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Corrèze (French pronunciation: ​ [kɔʁɛz]; Occitan: Corresa) is a department in south-western France, named after the river Corrèze which runs though it. Its capital is Tulle, and its most populated town is Brive-la-Gaillarde.

The inhabitants of the department are called Corréziens.

History

Corrèze is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It includes part of the former province of Limousin (the Bas-Limousin).

The 1851 census recorded a population of 320,866: this remained relatively constant for the rest of the nineteenth century. During the twentieth century, however, Corrèze shared the experience of many of the country's rural departments as the population fell steadily.

Within Corrèze the nineteenth-century railway planners, influenced in part by the department's topography, endowed Brive-la-Gaillarde with good connections and a major junction from which railway lines fanned out in six different directions. The railways arrived in 1860, at an opportune moment, directly after phylloxera had destroyed the local wine industry. The new railways enabled the farms in the area surrounding Brive to specialise in fruits and vegetables which they could now transport rapidly to the larger population centres of central and southern France. Locally, the new agriculture triggered the development, in the Brive basin, of related businesses and industries such as the manufacture of jams and liquors, as well as timber/paper-based packaging businesses.

Other Languages
aragonés: Corresa
Bân-lâm-gú: Corrèze
беларуская: Карэз
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Карэз
català: Corresa
Чӑвашла: Коррез
Cebuano: Corrèze
Cymraeg: Corrèze
dansk: Corrèze
davvisámegiella: Corrèze
Ελληνικά: Κορέζ
español: Corrèze
Esperanto: Corrèze
euskara: Corrèze
فارسی: کورز
Gàidhlig: Corrèze
galego: Corrèze
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Corrèze
한국어: 코레즈 주
Հայերեն: Կորեզ
italiano: Corrèze
Kapampangan: Corrèze
ქართული: კორეზი
қазақша: Коррез
Kiswahili: Corrèze
Ladino: Corrèze
latviešu: Korēza
Lëtzebuergesch: Departement Corrèze
Limburgs: Corrèze
Malagasy: Corrèze
मराठी: कोरेझ
Bahasa Melayu: Corrèze
日本語: コレーズ県
norsk: Corrèze
norsk nynorsk: Corrèze
پنجابی: ضلع کوریزی
Plattdüütsch: Corrèze
português: Corrèze
română: Corrèze
русский: Коррез
Scots: Corrèze
shqip: Corrèze
Simple English: Corrèze
slovenščina: Corrèze (departma)
српски / srpski: Корез (департман)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Corrèze (departman)
suomi: Corrèze
svenska: Corrèze
Türkçe: Corrèze
українська: Коррез
اردو: کوریز
Tiếng Việt: Corrèze
Volapük: Corrèze
Winaray: Corrèze
粵語: 科雷茲
中文: 科雷兹省