|Surface area||4,791,000 km2 (1,850,000 sq mi)|
|Average depth||2,394 m (7,854 ft)|
|Max. depth||9,140 m (29,990 ft)|
|Water volume||11,470,000 km3 (9.30×1012 acre⋅ft)|
The Coral Sea is a
It is bounded in the west by the east coast of
The sea is characterised by its warm and stable climate[
On the North. The South coast of New Guinea from the entrance to the Bensbach River (141°01'E) to Gadogadoa Island near its Southeastern extreme ( ), down this meridian to the 100 fathom line and thence along the Southern edges of Uluma Reef and those extending to the Eastward as far as the Southeast point of Lawik Reef ( ) off Tagula Island, thence a line to the Southern extreme of
Rennell Island( Solomon Islands) and from its Eastern point to Cape Surville, the Eastern extreme of San Cristobal Island [ Makira], Solomons; thence through Nupani Island, the Northwestern of the Santa Cruz Islands ( ) to the Northernmost Island of the Duff Islands ( ).
On the Northeast. From the Northernmost island of the Duff Islands, through these islands to their Southeastern extreme, thence a line to Méré Lava, Vanuatu Islands( ) and down the Eastern coasts of the islands of this Group to Anatom Island ( ) in such a way that all the islands of these Groups, and the straits separating them, are included in the Coral Sea.
On the Southeast. A line from the Southeastern extreme of Anatom Island to Nokanhoui (reefs) () off the Southeast extreme of
New Caledonia, thence through the East point of Middleton Reefto the Eastern extreme of Elizabeth Reef ( ) and down this meridian to Latitude 30° South.
On the South. The parallel of 30° South to the Australian coast.
On the West. The Eastern limit of the
Arafura Sea[The entrance to the Bensbak River (141°01'E), and thence a line to the Northwest extreme of York Peninsula, Australia ( )] and the East Coast of Australia as far south as Latitude 30° South.