Copernicia prunifera

Carnauba palm
Carnauba.jpg
Carnauba palm
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Monocots
(unranked):Commelinids
Order:Arecales
Family:Arecaceae
Genus:Copernicia
Binomial name
Copernicia prunifera
(Mill.) H.Moore
Synonyms[1]
  • Arrudaria cerifera (Arruda) Macedo
  • Copernicia cerifera (Arruda) Mart.
  • Corypha cerifera Arruda
  • Palma prunifera Mill.

Copernicia prunifera or the carnaúba palm or carnaubeira palm is a species of palm tree native to northeastern Brazil (mainly the states of Ceará, Piauí, Maranhão, Rio Grande do Norte and Bahia). Known by many as 'tree of life' because of its many uses, the Carnaúba is also the symbol tree of Ceará. The initiative to use it as a symbol vies to promote its conservation and sustainable use.[2]

Plant description

Copernica prunifera can grow up to 20 m height with an average 25 cm diameter trunk,circular tree crown, with fan-leaves measuring 1.5m, bisexual flowers and small black round fruits (2.5 cm). The palm can live up to 200 years.[3] Although it withstands drought well, it has a high water requirement for growth. A slightly saline composition in the soil produces the best trees. Carnaubas are social palm trees, they are found in Carnaubais (assembly/group of Carnaubas) in flood zones or near rivers. Taxonomically, this tree belongs to the subfamily Coryphoideae, tribe Corypheae, subtribe Livistoninae.

Other Languages
català: Carnauba
Deutsch: Carnaubapalme
português: Carnaúba
svenska: Vaxpalm
Tiếng Việt: Copernicia prunifera