Copenhagen

Copenhagen
København
From upper left: Christiansborg Palace, Frederik's Church, Tivoli Gardens and Nyhavn
Official logo of Copenhagen
Greater coat of arms
Copenhagen is located in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen is located in Denmark
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen is located in Baltic Sea
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen is located in Europe
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Coordinates: 55°40′34″N 12°34′06″E / 55°40′34″N 12°34′06″E / 55.67611; 12.56833
Country Denmark
Region Capital
MunicipalitiesCoat of arms of Copenhagen.svg Copenhagen
Dragør Kommune sjield.png Dragør
Frederiksberg kommune.jpg Frederiksberg
Tårnby Kommune shield.png Tårnby
Area[1][2]
 • Urban606.5 km2 (234.2 sq mi)
 • Metro1,767.52 km2 (682.44 sq mi)
Highest elevation91 m (299 ft)
Lowest elevation1 m (3 ft)
Population (January 2018)
 • City775,033
 • Urban1,308,893
 • Metro (1 January 2012)1,972,770
 • Metro density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)

Copenhagener

[3]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code1050–1778, 2100, 2150, 2200, 2300, 2400, 2450, 2500
Area code(s)(+45) 3
Websitewww.kk.dk

Copenhagen[a] (Danish: København [købm̩ˈhɑwˀn] (About this sound listen)) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. The city has a population of 775,033 (as of January 2018), of whom 613,288 live in the Municipality of Copenhagen.[6][7] It forms the core of the wider Copenhagen urban area (population 1.3 million (as of January 2018) and the Copenhagen metropolitan area (population approx. 2 million). Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand; another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.

Originally a Viking fishing village established in the 10th century in the vicinity of what is now Gammel Strand, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a regional centre of power with its institutions, defences and armed forces. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent a period of redevelopment. This included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. After further disasters in the early 19th century when Horatio Nelson attacked the Dano-Norwegian fleet and bombarded the city, rebuilding during the Danish Golden Age brought a Neoclassical look to Copenhagen's architecture. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing and businesses along the five urban railway routes stretching out from the city centre.

Since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure. The city is the cultural, economic and governmental centre of Denmark; it is one of the major financial centres of Northern Europe with the Copenhagen Stock Exchange. Copenhagen's economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology, pharmaceuticals and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become increasingly integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö, forming the Øresund Region. With a number of bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterised by parks, promenades and waterfronts. Copenhagen's landmarks such as Tivoli Gardens, The Little Mermaid statue, the Amalienborg and Christiansborg palaces, Rosenborg Castle Gardens, Frederik's Church, and many museums, restaurants and nightclubs are significant tourist attractions. The largest lake of Denmark, Arresø, lies around 27 miles (43 kilometers) northwest of the City Hall Square.

Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen Business School and the IT University of Copenhagen. The University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs. The annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world.

The Copenhagen Metro launched in 2002 serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train and Lokaltog (private railway) and the Coast Line network serves and connects central Copenhagen to outlying boroughs. To relieve traffic congestion, which is partly the result of increased traffic because of the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link road and rail construction is planned because the narrow 9-9.5 mile isthmus between Roskilde Fjord and Køge Bugt (Køge Bay) forms a traffic bottleneck. The Copenhagen-Ringsted Line will relieve traffic congestion in the corridor between Roskilde and Copenhagen.

Serving roughly two million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the busiest airport in the Nordic countries.

Etymology

Copenhagen's name reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce. The original designation in Old Norse, from which Danish descends, was Kaupmannahǫfn [ˡkaupmanːahɒfn] (cf. modern Icelandic: Kaupmannahöfn [ˡkʰɶɥpmanːahœpn], Faroese Keypmannahavn), meaning "merchants' harbour". By the time Old Danish was spoken, the capital was called Køpmannæhafn, with the current name deriving from centuries of subsequent regular sound change. An exact English equivalent would be "chapman's haven".[8] However, the English term for the city was adapted from its Low German name, Kopenhagen. (English chapman, German Kaufmann, Dutch koopman, Swedish köpman, Danish købmand, Icelandic kaupmaður: in all these words, the first syllable comes ultimately from Latin caupo, "tradesman".)

Other Languages
Acèh: Kopenhagen
Afrikaans: Kopenhagen
Alemannisch: Kopenhagen
አማርኛ: ኮፐንሀገን
العربية: كوبنهاغن
aragonés: Copenaguen
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܩܘܦܢܗܐܓܢ
asturianu: Copenḥague
Avañe'ẽ: Kopenihage
azərbaycanca: Kopenhagen
تۆرکجه: کوپینهاگ
Bân-lâm-gú: Copenhagen
беларуская: Капенгаген
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Капэнгаген
български: Копенхаген
bosanski: Kopenhagen
brezhoneg: Kopenhagen
буряад: Копенһаген
català: Copenhaguen
Чӑвашла: Копенгаген
čeština: Kodaň
chiShona: Copenhagen
corsu: Copenaghen
Cymraeg: Copenhagen
dansk: København
davvisámegiella: Københápman
Deutsch: Kopenhagen
dolnoserbski: Kopenhagen
Ελληνικά: Κοπεγχάγη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Cupenàghen
español: Copenhague
Esperanto: Kopenhago
estremeñu: Copenagui
euskara: Kopenhage
eʋegbe: Copenhagen
فارسی: کپنهاگ
Fiji Hindi: Copenhagen
føroyskt: Keypmannahavn
français: Copenhague
Frysk: Kopenhagen
Gaeilge: Cóbanhávan
Gaelg: København
Gagauz: Kopenhagen
Gàidhlig: Copenhagen
galego: Copenhague
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Copenhagen
한국어: 코펜하겐
հայերեն: Կոպենհագեն
हिन्दी: कोपनहेगन
hornjoserbsce: Kopenhagen
hrvatski: Kopenhagen
Ilokano: Copenhagen
Bahasa Indonesia: Kopenhagen
interlingua: Copenhagen
Interlingue: Köbenhavn
íslenska: Kaupmannahöfn
italiano: Copenaghen
עברית: קופנהגן
Basa Jawa: Kopenhagen
kalaallisut: København
ქართული: კოპენჰაგენი
kaszëbsczi: Kòpenhaga
қазақша: Копенгаген
kernowek: Kopenhavn
Kiswahili: Kopenhagen
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kopènag
kurdî: Kopenhag
Кыргызча: Копенгаген
لۊری شومالی: کوپنهاگ
latgaļu: Kopenhaga
Latina: Hafnia
latviešu: Kopenhāgena
Lëtzebuergesch: Kopenhagen
lietuvių: Kopenhaga
Ligure: Copenaghen
Limburgs: Koupenhage
Livvinkarjala: Kopengagen
lumbaart: Cupenaghen
magyar: Koppenhága
македонски: Копенхаген
Malagasy: Kaopenagy
മലയാളം: കോപ്പൻഹേഗൻ
Māori: Copenhagen
मराठी: कोपनहेगन
მარგალური: კოპენჰაგენი
Bahasa Melayu: Copenhagen
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Copenhagen
монгол: Копенхаген
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကိုပင်ဟေဂင်မြို့
Nāhuatl: Copenague
Dorerin Naoero: Copenhagen
Nederlands: Kopenhagen
Nedersaksies: Kopenhoaven
नेपाली: कोपनहेगन
नेपाल भाषा: कोपेनहेगन
Napulitano: Copenaghen
нохчийн: Копенгаген
Nordfriisk: Kopenhuuwen
Norfuk / Pitkern: Copenhagen
norsk: København
norsk nynorsk: København
Nouormand: Copèneĥague
Novial: København
occitan: Copenaga
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kopengagen
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕੋਪਨਹੈਗਨ
پنجابی: کوپن ہیگن
Papiamentu: Kopenhagen
Piemontèis: Copenàghen
Plattdüütsch: Kopenhagen
polski: Kopenhaga
português: Copenhaga
Qaraqalpaqsha: Kopengagen
română: Copenhaga
rumantsch: Copenhagen
Runa Simi: København
русиньскый: Кодань
русский: Копенгаген
саха тыла: Копенһаген
संस्कृतम्: कोपनहागन
sardu: Copenaghen
Seeltersk: Kopenhagen
Sesotho: Copenhagen
shqip: Kopenhaga
sicilianu: Copenaghen
Simple English: Copenhagen
slovenčina: Kodaň
slovenščina: København
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Кобєнхавнъ
ślůnski: Kopynhaga
Soomaaliga: Kobanhaygan
کوردی: کۆپنھاگن
српски / srpski: Копенхаген
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kopenhagen
svenska: Köpenhamn
Tagalog: Copenhague
தமிழ்: கோபனாவன்
Taqbaylit: Kopenhagen
татарча/tatarça: Копенһаген
тоҷикӣ: Копенҳаген
Türkçe: Kopenhag
удмурт: Копенгаген
українська: Копенгаген
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Kopénhagén
vèneto: Copenaghen
vepsän kel’: Kopenhagen
Tiếng Việt: Copenhagen
Volapük: København
West-Vlams: Kopenhagen
Winaray: Copenhagen
Wolof: Kopenagen
吴语: 哥本哈根
ייִדיש: קאפנהאגן
Yorùbá: Copenhagen
粵語: 哥本哈根
Zazaki: Kopenhag
Zeêuws: Kopenagen
žemaitėška: Kuopenhaga
中文: 哥本哈根
डोटेली: कोपनहेगन
Kabɩyɛ: Kopɛnhaagɩ
Lingua Franca Nova: Kobenhavn