Continental Currency dollar coin

Continental Currency dollar coin
United States
Value1 Continental dollar (not specified on coin)
Mass15–19 g
Diameter≈38 mm
Thickness6 mm
CompositionPewter, brass, or silver
Years of minting1776
Obverse
1776 Continental Currency dollar coin obverse.jpg
Design"Mind Your Business", Sun, and sundial, surrounded by "Continental Currency" (misspelled on some varieties) and date
DesignerBenjamin Franklin
Design date1776
Reverse
1776 Continental Currency dollar coin reverse.jpg
Design"We Are One", 13 state chain links
DesignerBenjamin Franklin
Design date1776

The Continental Currency dollar coin (also known as Continental dollar coin, Fugio dollar, or Franklin dollar) was the first pattern coin struck for the United States.[1][2] The coins were minted in 1776 and examples were made on pewter, brass, and silver planchets.[3]

History

The United States started issuing its own banknotes in 1776 after the start of the American Revolutionary War, denominated in Continental Currency. While no legislation authorizing a dollar coin has been discovered, but no resolutions from July 22, 1776 through September 26, 1778 mentioned the one-dollar banknote, suggesting that it was to have been replaced by a coin.[4]

Benjamin Franklin designed both sides of the coin.[2] The obverse features the sun shining on a sundial, the Latin motto "Fugio" (I fly), and "Mind your business", a rebus meaning "time flies, so mind your business".[1] The reverse features 13 chain links representing a plea for the Thirteen Colonies to remain united.[1]

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