Constitution

A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation or other type of entity, and commonly determine how that entity is to be governed.[1]

When these principles are written down into a single document or set of legal documents, those documents may be said to embody a written constitution; if they are written down in a single comprehensive document, it is said to embody a codified constitution. Some constitutions (such as the constitution of the United Kingdom) are uncodified, but written in numerous fundamental Acts of a legislature, court cases or treaties.[2]

Constitutions concern different levels of organizations, from sovereign countries to companies and unincorporated associations. A treaty which establishes an international organization is also its constitution, in that it would define how that organization is constituted. Within states, a constitution defines the principles upon which the state is based, the procedure in which laws are made and by whom. Some constitutions, especially codified constitutions, also act as limiters of state power, by establishing lines which a state's rulers cannot cross, such as fundamental rights.

The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any country in the world,[3] containing 444 articles in 22 parts,[4][5] 12 schedules and 124[6] amendments, with 146,385 words[7] in its English-language version.[8] The Constitution of Monaco is the shortest written constitution, containing 10 chapters with 97 articles, and a total of 3,814 words.[9][7]

Etymology

The term constitution comes through French from the Latin word constitutio, used for regulations and orders, such as the imperial enactments (constitutiones principis: edicta, mandata, decreta, rescripta).[10] Later, the term was widely used in canon law for an important determination, especially a decree issued by the Pope, now referred to as an apostolic constitution.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Grondwet
Alemannisch: Verfassung
العربية: دستور
aragonés: Constitución
asturianu: Constitución
azərbaycanca: Konstitusiya
تۆرکجه: آنایا‌سا
বাংলা: সংবিধান
Bân-lâm-gú: Hiàn-hoat
башҡортса: Конституция
беларуская: Канстытуцыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Канстытуцыя
भोजपुरी: संबिधान
български: Конституция
bosanski: Ustav
brezhoneg: Bonreizh
català: Constitució
Чӑвашла: Конституци
čeština: Ústava
Cymraeg: Cyfansoddiad
dansk: Forfatning
Deutsch: Verfassung
Ελληνικά: Σύνταγμα
español: Constitución
Esperanto: Konstitucio
euskara: Konstituzio
Fiji Hindi: Vidhaan
français: Constitution
Frysk: Grûnwet
Gàidhlig: Bun-reachd
한국어: 헌법
हिन्दी: संविधान
hrvatski: Ustav
Ilokano: Batay-linteg
Bahasa Indonesia: Konstitusi
interlingua: Constitution
íslenska: Stjórnarskrá
italiano: Costituzione
עברית: חוקה
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸಂವಿಧಾನ
къарачай-малкъар: Конституция
ქართული: კონსტიტუცია
kaszëbsczi: Kònstitucjô
қазақша: Конституция
Kiswahili: Katiba
Kreyòl ayisyen: Konstitisyon
Кыргызча: Конституция
Latina: Constitutio
latviešu: Konstitūcija
lietuvių: Konstitucija
Limburgs: Gróndwet
lingála: Mobéko likonzi
lumbaart: Costituzion
magyar: Alkotmány
македонски: Устав
Malagasy: Lalampanorenana
മലയാളം: ഭരണഘടന
मराठी: संविधान
მარგალური: კონსტიტუცია
مصرى: دستور
Bahasa Melayu: Perlembagaan
Minangkabau: Konstitusi
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Hièng-huák
Mirandés: Custituiçon
Nederlands: Grondwet
Nedersaksies: Groendwet
नेपाली: संविधान
नेपाल भाषा: संविधान
нохчийн: Конституци
norsk nynorsk: Grunnlov
Nouormand: Constitution
occitan: Constitucion
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Konstitutsiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸੰਵਿਧਾਨ
پنجابی: آئین
Piemontèis: Costitussion
Plattdüütsch: Verfaten
polski: Konstytucja
português: Constituição
română: Constituție
Runa Simi: Hatun kamachi
русиньскый: Конштітуція
русский: Конституция
саха тыла: Конституция
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱥᱚᱢᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱ
shqip: Kushtetuta
sicilianu: Custituzzioni
Simple English: Constitution
سنڌي: آئين
slovenčina: Ústava
slovenščina: Ustava
Soomaaliga: Dastuur
کوردی: دەستوور
српски / srpski: Устав
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ustav
svenska: Grundlag
татарча/tatarça: Конституция
తెలుగు: రాజ్యాంగం
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎦᎫᏍᏛᏗ
Türkçe: Anayasa
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Wɛ̈tmääc
українська: Конституція
اردو: آئین
vèneto: Costitusion
Tiếng Việt: Hiến pháp
文言: 憲法
吴语: 宪法
粵語: 憲法
žemaitėška: Kuonstėtocėjė
中文: 宪法