A competitive examination is an
examination where candidates are ranked according to their grades. If the examination is open for n positions, then the first n candidates in ranks pass, the others are rejected.
They are used as
entrance examinations for
university and college admissions or to
secondary schools. Another types are
civil service examinations, required for
positions in the public sector; the U.S.
Foreign Service Exam, and the
Competitive examinations are considered[
by whom?] an
egalitarian way of choosing worthy applicants without risking
bias or other concerns.