Commonwealth realm

  Commonwealth realms
  Overseas territories of Commonwealth realms
Elizabeth II is the reigning sovereign of each of the 16 Commonwealth realms.

A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state[† 1] in which Queen Elizabeth II is the reigning constitutional monarch and head of state. Each realm is independent from the other realms. As of 2018, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom. All 16 Commonwealth realms are members of the Commonwealth of Nations, an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states. Elizabeth II is Head of the Commonwealth.

In 1952, Britain's proclamation of Elizabeth II's accession used the term Realms to describe the seven sovereign states of which she was queen—the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon. Since then, new realms have been created through independence of former colonies and dependencies and some realms have become republics.

Current Commonwealth realms

There are 16 Commonwealth realms currently with a combined area (excluding Antarctic claims) of 18.7 million km2 (7.2 million mi2)[1] and a population of 144 million,[2] of which all but about two million live in the six most populous: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, and Jamaica.

Country[Note 1] Population[3](2016) Monarchy Date
[Note 2]
Queen's title[Note 3] Sovereign's
royal standard
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda 100,963 Monarchy of Antigua and Barbuda 1981 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Antigua and Barbuda and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth. None
Australia Australia 24,125,848 Monarchy of Australia 1942 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Australia and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth. Royal Standard of Australia.svg
The Bahamas The Bahamas 391,232 Monarchy of the Bahamas 1973 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth. None
Barbados Barbados 284,996 Monarchy of Barbados 1966 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Barbados and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth Royal Standard of Barbados.svg
Belize Belize 366,954 Monarchy of Belize 1981 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Belize and of Her Other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth None
Canada Canada 36,289,822 Monarchy of Canada 1931 English: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Canada and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith
French: Elizabeth Deux, par la grâce de Dieu Reine du Royaume-Uni, du Canada et de ses autres royaumes et territoires, Chef du Commonwealth, Défenseur de la Foi[4]
Royal Standard of Canada.svg
Grenada Grenada 107,317 Monarchy of Grenada 1974 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Grenada and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth None
Jamaica Jamaica 2,881,355 Monarchy of Jamaica 1962 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Jamaica and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth Royal Standard of Jamaica.svg
New Zealand New Zealand[Note 4] 4,660,833 Monarchy of New Zealand 1947 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of New Zealand and Her Other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[5] Royal Standard of New Zealand.svg
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 8,084,991 Monarchy of Papua New Guinea 1975 Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Papua New Guinea and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[6] None
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis 54,821 Monarchy of Saint Kitts and Nevis 1983 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Christopher and Nevis and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth None
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia 178,015 Monarchy of Saint Lucia 1979 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Lucia and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth None
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,643 Monarchy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1979 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth None
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands 599,419 Monarchy of Solomon Islands 1978 Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Solomon Islands and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth None
Tuvalu Tuvalu 11,097 Monarchy of Tuvalu 1978 Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Tuvalu and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth None
United Kingdom United Kingdom[Note 5] 65,788,574 Monarchy of the United Kingdom 1931 English: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith
Latin: Elizabeth Secunda Dei Gratia Britanniarum Regnorumque Suorum Ceterorum Regina Consortionis Populorum Princeps Fidei Defensor[7]
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom.svg

Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (in Scotland).svg

  1. ^ The flags shown are the current national flags of the Commonwealth realms.
  2. ^ Dates indicate the year each country became a member of the Commonwealth, as from the year of enactment of the Statute of Westminster or the year of the country's independence.
  3. ^ Differences shown here in bold.
  4. ^ The Cook Islands and Niue are under the sovereignty of the Queen of New Zealand as self-governing states in free association with New Zealand. New Zealand and its associated states, along with Tokelau and the Ross Dependency, compose the Realm of New Zealand.
  5. ^ Guernsey, Jersey, and the Isle of Man—the Crown dependencies—are self-governing possessions of the British Crown, under the sovereignty of the Queen of the United Kingdom. Together with the UK, these comprise the British Islands.
Other Languages
Alemannisch: Commonwealth Realm
Ænglisc: Cynewīsan rice
Bahasa Indonesia: Alam Persemakmuran
Lëtzebuergesch: Commonwealth Realm
Bahasa Melayu: Alam Komanwel
Nederlands: Commonwealth realm
日本語: 英連邦王国
Simple English: Commonwealth realm
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Komonveltska kraljevstva