Common kingfisher

Common kingfisher
♂ Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) Photograph By Shantanu Kuveskar, Mangaon, Maharashtra, India.jpg
A male A. atthis from Maharashtra, India.
Scientific classification edit
Species:A. atthis
Binomial name
Alcedo atthis
Alcedo atthis -range map-2-cp.png
     Breeding range
     Resident all year-round
     Non-breeding range

Gracula atthis Linnaeus, 1758

The common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) also known as the Eurasian kingfisher, and river kingfisher, is a small kingfisher with seven subspecies recognized within its wide distribution across Eurasia and North Africa. It is resident in much of its range, but migrates from areas where rivers freeze in winter.

This sparrow-sized bird has the typical short-tailed, large-headed kingfisher profile; it has blue upperparts, orange underparts and a long bill. It feeds mainly on fish, caught by diving, and has special visual adaptations to enable it to see prey under water. The glossy white eggs are laid in a nest at the end of a burrow in a riverbank.


The common kingfisher was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae in 1758 as Gracula atthis.[2][3][4] The modern binomial name derives from the Latin alcedo, "kingfisher" (from Greek ἀλκυών, halcyon) and Atthis, a beautiful young woman of Lesbos, and favourite of Sappho.[5]

The genus Alcedo comprises seven small kingfishers that all eat fish as part of their diet. The common kingfisher's closest relative is the cerulean kingfisher that has white underparts and is found in parts of Indonesia.[6][7]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Псыкъуаргъ
Alemannisch: Eisvogel
aragonés: Alcedo atthis
asturianu: Alcedo atthis
башҡортса: Балыҡсы турғай
भोजपुरी: मछरेंगा
brezhoneg: Diredig boutin
català: Blauet comú
Cebuano: Alcedo atthis
Cymraeg: Glas y dorlan
dansk: Isfugl
Deutsch: Eisvogel
eesti: Jäälind
Ελληνικά: Αλκυόνη (πτηνό)
español: Alcedo atthis
Esperanto: Alciono
estremeñu: Alcedo atthis
føroyskt: Kyrrfuglur
Gàidhlig: Biorra-crùidein
galego: Picapeixe
한국어: 물총새
hrvatski: Vodomar
Bahasa Indonesia: Raja-udang erasia
interlingua: Alcedo atthis
Ирон: Митцъиу
italiano: Alcedo atthis
עברית: שלדג גמדי
kaszëbsczi: Lodôk
қазақша: Зымыран (құс)
latviešu: Zivju dzenītis
Lëtzebuergesch: Äisvull
lietuvių: Tulžys
Limburgs: Iesvogel
magyar: Jégmadár
македонски: Рибарче
Bahasa Melayu: Burung Pekaka Cit-cit
Nederlands: IJsvogel
日本語: カワセミ
norsk: Isfugl
norsk nynorsk: Isfugl
Picard: Pêque-roche
Piemontèis: Alcedo atthis
português: Guarda-rios-comum
русиньскый: Морозюк
Simple English: Common kingfisher
slovenčina: Rybárik riečny
slovenščina: Vodomec
српски / srpski: Водомар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vodomar
svenska: Kungsfiskare
українська: Рибалочка
Tiếng Việt: Bồng chanh
West-Vlams: Ysveugel
Winaray: Alcedo atthis
粵語: 普通翠鳥
Zeêuws: Iesveugel
中文: 普通翠鸟