Columbia Graphophone Company

Columbia Graphophone Company
Columbia Graphophone 1968 vector.svg
Parent company
  • EMI (1931–1973)
Founded1922; 96 years ago (1922)
Defunct1973; 45 years ago (1973)
StatusCatalogue and artist roster owned by Parlophone Records since 2012, trade mark and name sold to Sony Music Entertainment in 1990
Country of originUnited Kingdom

The Columbia Graphophone Company was one of the earliest gramophone companies in the United Kingdom. As Columbia Records, it became a successful label in the 1950s and 1960s, but was eventually replaced by the newly created EMI Records, as part of an EMI label consolidation. This in turn was absorbed by the Parlophone Records unit of Warner Music Group in 2013.

Early history

In 1922, Columbia Phonograph, as the American Columbia Records was then known, sold its UK subsidiary Columbia Graphophone.[1] However, in 1925 Columbia Graphophone bought its former parent for $2.5 million. In 1926, both Odeon Records and Parlophone Records were acquired. On 21 April 1931, the Gramophone Company and the Columbia Graphophone Company merged and formed a new company, Electric and Musical Industries (EMI). American anti-trust laws forced EMI to sell its American Columbia operations.