Coal

Coal
Sedimentary rock
Coal bituminous.jpg
Composition
Primarycarbon
Secondary
Lignite (brown coal)
Anthracite (hard coal)

Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams. Coal is mostly carbon with variable amounts of other elements; chiefly hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen.[1] Coal is formed if dead plant matter decays into peat and over millions of years the heat and pressure of deep burial converts the peat into coal.[2]

As a fossil fuel burned for heat coal supplies about a quarter of the world’s primary energy and is the largest source of energy for the generation of electricity. Some iron and steel making and other industrial processes burn coal.

The extraction and use of coal causes many premature deaths and much illness.[3] Coal damages the environment; including by climate change as it is the largest anthropogenic source of carbon dioxide, 14 Gt in 2016[4] which is 40% of the total fossil fuel emissions.[5] As part of the worldwide energy transition many countries have stopped using or use less coal.

The largest consumer and importer of coal is China. And China mines almost half the world's coal, followed by India with about a tenth. Australia accounts for about a third of world coal exports followed by Indonesia and Russia. [6]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Steenkool
العربية: فحم حجري
aragonés: Carbón
armãneashti: Cârbuni
অসমীয়া: কয়লা
asturianu: Carbón
Aymar aru: K'illima
azərbaycanca: Daş kömür
বাংলা: কয়লা
Bahasa Banjar: Batu arang
Bân-lâm-gú: Thô͘-thoàⁿ
беларуская: Вугаль
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вугаль
भोजपुरी: कोइला
български: Въглища
bosanski: Ugalj
brezhoneg: Glaou
català: Carbó
čeština: Uhlí
Cymraeg: Glo
Deitsch: Kohl
Deutsch: Kohle
Diné bizaad: Tsékǫʼ
eesti: Kivisüsi
español: Carbón
Esperanto: Terkarbo
euskara: Harrikatz
فارسی: زغال‌سنگ
føroyskt: Kol
français: Charbon
furlan: Cjarbon
Gaeilge: Gual
Gàidhlig: Gual
galego: Carbón
한국어: 석탄
հայերեն: Ածուխ
हिन्दी: कोयला
hrvatski: Ugljen
Ido: Karbono
Bahasa Indonesia: Batu bara
Ирон: Æвзалы
íslenska: Kol
italiano: Carbone
עברית: פחם
Basa Jawa: Batu bara
қазақша: Көмір
Kiswahili: Makaa mawe
Kreyòl ayisyen: Chabon
Кыргызча: Көмүр
лакку: ХъуручӀ
Latina: Carbo
latviešu: Akmeņogles
lietuvių: Akmens anglis
Limburgs: Sjteekoal
lumbaart: Carbun
magyar: Kőszén
македонски: Јаглен
മലയാളം: കൽക്കരി
मराठी: कोळसा
Bahasa Melayu: Arang batu
монгол: Нүүрс
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကျောက်မီးသွေး
Nāhuatl: Teconalli
Nederlands: Steenkool
नेपाली: कोइला
नेपाल भाषा: ह्यंग्वा
日本語: 石炭
Nordfriisk: Kööl
norsk: Kull
norsk nynorsk: Kol
Novial: Karbone
occitan: Carbon
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Koʻmir
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕੋਲਾ
پنجابی: کوئلہ
Picard: Carbon
português: Carvão mineral
română: Cărbune
Runa Simi: K'illimsa
саха тыла: Таас чох
Scots: Coal
shqip: Qymyri
sicilianu: Cravuni
Simple English: Coal
slovenčina: Uhlie
slovenščina: Premog
Soomaaliga: Dhuxul Dhagax
српски / srpski: Угаљ
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ugljen
Basa Sunda: Batubara
suomi: Kivihiili
Tagalog: Karbon (bato)
தமிழ்: நிலக்கரி
తెలుగు: బొగ్గు
тоҷикӣ: Ангишт
Tsetsêhestâhese: Ho'ose
Türkçe: Kömür
українська: Вугілля
اردو: کوئلہ
vèneto: Carbon
Tiếng Việt: Than đá
walon: Hoye
文言:
Winaray: Uring
吴语:
粵語:
中文: