Classical music

String quartet performing for the Mozart Year 2006 in Vienna

Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more precise term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period), this article is about the broad span of time from before the 6th century AD to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods.[1] The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period.

Overview

European art music is largely distinguished from many other non-European classical and some popular musical forms by its system of staff notation, in use since about the 11th century.[2] [3] Catholic monks developed the first forms of modern European musical notation in order to standardize liturgy throughout the worldwide Church. Western staff notation is used by composers to indicate to the performer the pitches and durations for a piece of music.[2] In contrast to most popular styles that adopted the song (strophic) form or a derivation of this form, classical music has been noted for its development of highly sophisticated forms of instrumental music such as the symphony, concerto, fugue, sonata, and mixed vocal and instrumental styles such as opera, cantata, and mass.[4]

The term "classical music" did not appear until the early 19th century, in an attempt to distinctly canonize the period from Johann Sebastian Bach to Ludwig van Beethoven as a golden age.[5] The earliest reference to "classical music" recorded by the Oxford English Dictionary is from about 1829.[1][6]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Klassieke musiek
Alemannisch: Klassische Musik
aragonés: Musica clasica
asturianu: Música clásica
azərbaycanca: Klassik musiqi
башҡортса: Классик музыка
беларуская: Класічная музыка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Клясычная музыка
Boarisch: Klassische Musi
brezhoneg: Sonerezh klasel
čeština: Klasická hudba
Esperanto: Klasika muziko
Fiji Hindi: Classical music
贛語: 古典音樂
한국어: 클래식 음악
Bahasa Indonesia: Musik klasik
interlingua: Musica classic
italiano: Musica classica
македонски: Класична музика
Bahasa Melayu: Muzik klasikal
Nederlands: Klassieke muziek
norsk nynorsk: Klassisk musikk
português: Música clássica
Runa Simi: Klasiku musika
русиньскый: Класічна музика
Simple English: Classical music
slovenčina: Klasická hudba
slovenščina: Klasična glasba
српски / srpski: Класична музика
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Klasična muzika
Türkçe: Klasik müzik
українська: Класична музика
Tiếng Việt: Nhạc cổ điển
文言: 洋樂
吴语: 古典音乐
粵語: 古典樂
žemaitėška: Klasėkėnė mozėka
中文: 古典音乐