Clara Lanza

Clara Lanza, c. 1893

Clara Hammond Lanza (February 12, 1858 – c. July 15, 1939)[1] was an American novelist whose realist fiction often centered on troubled marriages. Several were praised for exhibiting realism and originality. She published her first work in 1884.

Family and education

Lanza was born Clara Hammond in Fort Riley, Kansas, the daughter of William A. Hammond, a physician who served as the Surgeon General of the United States Army during the second half of the American Civil War, and his first wife, Helen Nisbet.[2][3] When she was seven, her family moved to New York City.[2] After attending a French school in New York, she received further education in Paris, France, and Dresden, Germany.[2] In 1877, she married the Marquis Manfridi Lanza di Mercato Bianco of Palermo, Sicily, with whom she had three sons.[2][4]

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