Civitavecchia

Civitavecchia
Comune
Comune di Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia fort and harbour
Civitavecchia fort and harbour
Coat of arms of Civitavecchia
Coat of arms
Civitavecchia is located in Italy
Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia
Location of Civitavecchia in Italy
Coordinates: 42°06′N 11°48′E / 42°06′N 11°48′E / 42.100; 11.800
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
Metropolitan cityRome (RM)
FrazioniAurelia, La Scaglia
Government
 • MayorAntonio Cozzolino (M5S)
Area
 • Total71.95 km2 (27.78 sq mi)
Elevation4 m (13 ft)
Population (31 August 2015)
 • Total53,027
 • Density740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Civitavecchiesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code00053
Dialing code0766
Patron saintSaint Fermina
Saint day28 April
WebsiteOfficial website

Civitavecchia (pronounced [ˌtʃivitaˈvɛkkja]; meaning "ancient town") is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Rome in the central Italian region of Lazio. A sea port on the Tyrrhenian Sea, it is located 60 kilometres (37 miles) west-north-west of center of Rome. The harbour is formed by two piers and a breakwater, on which is a lighthouse. Population was around 53,000 as of 2015.

History

Civitavecchia in 1795, etching by William Marlow.

The modern city was built over a pre-existing Etruscan settlement.

The harbour was constructed by the Emperor Trajan at the beginning of the 2nd century. The first occurrence of the name Centum Cellae is from a letter by Pliny the Younger (AD 107). The origin of the name is disputed: it has been suggested that it could refer to the centum ("hundred") halls of the villa of the emperor.

In the early Middle Ages (530s), Centumcellae was a Byzantine stronghold. It became part of the Papal States in 728. As the port was raided by the Saracens in 813-814, 828, 846 and finally in 876, a new settlement in a more secure place was therefore built by order of Pope Leo VII as soon as 854. The Popes gave the settlement as a fief to several local lords, including the Count Ranieri of Civitacastellana and the Abbey of Farfa, and the Di Vico, who held Centumcellae in 1431. In that year, pope Eugene IV sent an army under cardinal Giovanni Vitelleschi and several condottieri (Niccolò Fortebraccio, Ranuccio Farnese and Menicuccio dell'Aquila among them) to recapture the place, which, after the payment of 4,000 florins, became thenceforth a full Papal possession, led by a vicar and a treasurer.

The place became a free port under Pope Innocent XII in 1696 and by the modern era was the main port of Rome. The French Empire occupied it in 1806. On 16 April 1859 the Rome and Civitavecchia Rail Road was opened for service. The Papal troops opened the gates of the fortress to the Italian general Nino Bixio in 1870.

During World War II, Allied bombings severely damaged Civitavecchia, and caused civilian casualties.

Louis Till, the father of Emmett Louis Till was convicted of the rape of two local Italian women and the murder of another in Civitavecchia.

Other Languages
العربية: تشيفيتافيكيا
asturianu: Civitavecchia
تۆرکجه: چیویتاوکیا
Bân-lâm-gú: Civitavecchia
Bikol Central: Civitavecchia
български: Чивитавекия
català: Civitavecchia
čeština: Civitavecchia
Cymraeg: Civitavecchia
Deutsch: Civitavecchia
español: Civitavecchia
Esperanto: Civitavecchia
euskara: Civitavecchia
français: Civitavecchia
հայերեն: Չիվիտավեկյա
Bahasa Indonesia: Civitavecchia
interlingua: Civitavecchia
italiano: Civitavecchia
Basa Jawa: Civitavecchia
қазақша: Чивитавеккья
Latina: Centumcellae
lietuvių: Čivitavekija
lumbaart: Civitavecchia
Bahasa Melayu: Civitavecchia
Nederlands: Civitavecchia
Napulitano: Civitavecchia
norsk nynorsk: Civitavecchia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Civitavecchia
Piemontèis: Civitavecchia
português: Civitavecchia
română: Civitavecchia
русский: Чивитавеккья
संस्कृतम्: सिवितावेच्चिया
sicilianu: Civitavecchia
Simple English: Civitavecchia
slovenčina: Civitavecchia
српски / srpski: Чивитавекија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Civitavecchia
svenska: Civitavecchia
tarandíne: Civitavecchia
татарча/tatarça: Чивитавеккья
Türkçe: Civitavecchia
українська: Чивітавекк'я
vèneto: Civitavecia
Tiếng Việt: Civitavecchia
Volapük: Civitavecchia
Winaray: Civitavecchia