Civilian Conservation Corps
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a public
The American public made the CCC the most popular of all the New Deal programs.
 Sources written at the time claimed
 an individual's enrollment in the CCC led to improved physical condition, heightened morale, and increased
During the time of the CCC, enrollees planted nearly 3 billion trees to help reforest America, constructed trails, lodges and related facilities in more than 800 parks nationwide and upgraded most state parks, updated forest fire fighting methods, and built a network of service buildings and public roadways in remote areas. 
The CCC operated separate programs for veterans and Native Americans. Approximately 15,000 Native Americans participated in the program, helping them weather the Great Depression. 
Despite its popular support, the CCC was never a permanent agency. It depended on emergency and temporary Congressional legislation and funding to operate. By 1942, with World War II and
As governor of New York, Roosevelt had run a similar program on a much smaller scale. Long interested in conservation,  as president, he proposed to Congress a full-scale national program on March 21, 1933: 
I propose to create [the CCC] to be used in complex work, not interfering with abnormal employment and confining itself to forestry, the prevention of soil erosion, flood control, and similar projects. I call your attention to the fact that this type of work is of definite, practical value, not only through the prevention of great present financial loss but also as a means of creating future national wealth.
He promised this law would provide 250,000 young men with meals, housing, uniforms, and medical care for working in the national forests and other government properties. The Emergency Conservation Work (ECW) Act was introduced to Congress the same day and enacted by voice vote on March 31. Roosevelt issued
Executive Order 6101 on April 5, 1933, which established the CCC organization and appointed a director,