Circa (from Latin, meaning 'around, about'), usually abbreviated c., ca. or ca (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date.[1] Circa is widely used in historical writing when the dates of events are not accurately known. When used in date ranges, circa is applied before each approximate date, while dates without circa immediately preceding them are generally assumed to be known with certainty. Circa should only be used for dates in the past.[citation needed] For example:

  • 1732–1799 or 1732–99: both years are known precisely.
  • c. 1732 – 1799: only the end year is known accurately; the start year is approximate.
  • 1732 – c. 1799: only the start year is known accurately; the end year is approximate.
  • c. 1732 – c. 1799: both years are approximate.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Circa
العربية: حوالي
asturianu: Circa
تۆرکجه: شابلون:Circa
Bân-lâm-gú: Circa
brezhoneg: Circa
català: Circa
čeština: Cirka
español: Circa
euskara: Circa
français: Circa
galego: Circa
Bahasa Indonesia: Circa
עברית: Circa
Kreyòl ayisyen: Alantou
Latina: Circa
македонски: Цирка
മലയാളം: സിർക
日本語: Circa
norsk nynorsk: Cirka
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅੰਦਾਜ਼ਨ
português: Circa
русский: Circa
Simple English: Circa
slovenčina: Circa
Türkçe: Circa
українська: Circa
Tiếng Việt: Circa
中文: Circa