Christianity in the 1st century

Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant.[1] Depicted by 19th century Danish painter Carl Bloch is his Sermon on the Mount (c. 30 AD) in which he expounds on the Law. Some scholars consider this to be an antitype of the proclamation of the Ten Commandments or Mosaic Covenant by Moses from the Biblical Mount Sinai.[2]

Christianity in the 1st century deals with the formative years of the Early Christian community. The earliest followers of Jesus were an apocalyptic Jewish sect, which historians refer to as Jewish Christianity.[3] The split of early Christianity from Judaism was gradual, as Christianity became a predominantly Gentile religion.

The apostles dispersed from Jerusalem, founding the apostolic sees, presumably following the Great Commission's decree to spread the teachings of Jesus to "all nations". Peter, Paul, and James the Just were the most influential early Christian leaders,[4] although Paul's influence on Christian thinking is said to be more significant than any other New Testament authors,[5] but the relationship of Paul of Tarsus and Judaism is still disputed today.

Life and ministry of Jesus

Events in the
Life of Jesus
according to the Gospels
Life of Jesus

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Wikipedia book Book:Life of Jesus
18th-century painting, The Crucifixion, by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.

The ministry of Jesus, according to the account of the Gospels, falls into a pattern of sectarian preachers with devoted disciples.[citation needed] After being baptized by John the Baptist, Jesus preached for a period of one to three years in the early 1st century AD. Jesus' method of teaching involved parables, metaphor, allegory, sayings, proverbs, and a small number of direct sermons such as the Sermon on the Mount. His ministry was ended by his execution by crucifixion at the hands of the Roman authorities by demand of the Jews in Jerusalem.

Christians believe that three days after his death, Jesus rose bodily from the dead.[6][7][8][9] Early works by Jesus' followers document a number of post-resurrection appearances[10][11][12][13][14] and the resurrection of Jesus formed the basis and impetus of the Christian faith.[15][16][17] His followers wrote that he appeared to the disciples in Galilee and Jerusalem and that Jesus was on the earth for 40 days before his ascension to heaven[18] and that he will return to earth to fulfil aspects of Messianic prophecy, such as the resurrection of the dead, the last judgment and the full establishment of the Kingdom of God.

The main sources of information regarding Jesus' life and teachings are the four canonical gospels, and to a lesser extent the Acts of the Apostles and the Pauline epistles. Christianity's theology is largely founded and based on one central point found in these Gospels: that Jesus died and rose from death as God's sacrifice for human sins.[19]

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