Christian

Christians
χριστιανοί
V&A - Raphael, The Miraculous Draught of Fishes (1515).jpg
After the miraculous catch of fish, Christ invokes his disciples to become "fishers of men" (Matthew 4:19) by Raphael.
Total population
c. 2.4 billion worldwide (2015)[1][2]
Founder
Jesus
Regions with significant populations
 European Union373,656,000[3]
 United States246,790,000[2]
 Brazil175,770,000[2]
 Mexico107,780,000[2]
 Russia105,220,000[2]
 Philippines86,790,000[2]
 Nigeria80,510,000[2]
 China67,070,000[2]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo63,150,000[2]
 Ethiopia52,580,000[2]
Religions
Christianity
Scriptures
Bible
Languages
Sacred languages:

A Christian (n/ (About this sound listen)) is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. "Christian" derives from the Koine Greek word Christós (Χριστός), a translation of the Biblical Hebrew term mashiach (Biblical Hebrew: מָשִׁיחַ).[7]

While there are diverse interpretations of Christianity which sometimes conflict,[8][9] they are united in believing that Jesus has a unique significance.[8] The term "Christian" is also used as an adjective to describe anything associated with Christianity, or in a proverbial sense "all that is noble, and good, and Christ-like."[10]

According to a 2011 Pew Research Center survey, there were 2.2 billion Christians around the world in 2010, up from about 600 million in 1910.[2] By 2050, the Christian population is expected to exceed 3 billion.[2] According to a 2012 Pew Research Center survey Christianity will remain the world's largest religion in 2050, if current trends continue.

Today, about 37% of all Christians live in the Americas, about 26% live in Europe, 24% live in sub-Saharan Africa, about 13% live in Asia and the Pacific, and 1% live in the Middle East and North Africa.[2] About half of all Christians worldwide are Catholic, while more than a third are Protestant (37%).[2] Orthodox communions comprise 12% of the world's Christians.[2] Other Christian groups make up the remainder. Christians make up the majority of the population in 158 countries and territories.[2] 280 million Christians live as a minority.

Christians have significantly influenced and contributed to human progress in many fields including philanthropy, philosophy,[11][12][13]:15 ethics,[14] literature,[15] business and economics,[16][17][18] fine arts and architecture,[15] music,[15][19] theatre and medicine,[20] as well as science and technology,[21][22][23] both historically and in modern times.[24]

Etymology

The Greek word Χριστιανός (Christianos), meaning "follower of Christ", comes from Χριστός (Christos), meaning "anointed one",[25] with an adjectival ending borrowed from Latin to denote adhering to, or even belonging to, as in slave ownership.[26] In the Greek Septuagint, christos was used to translate the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (Mašíaḥ, messiah), meaning "[one who is] anointed."[27] In other European languages, equivalent words to Christian are likewise derived from the Greek, such as Chrétien in French and Cristiano in Spanish.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Christene
Alemannisch: Christ
العربية: مسيحيون
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܫܝܚܝܐ
azərbaycanca: Xristian
беларуская: Хрысціянін
български: Християни
català: Cristià
Cebuano: Kristohanon
čeština: Křesťan
Deutsch: Christ
Esperanto: Kristano
فارسی: مسیحی
føroyskt: Kristin
français: Chrétien
Frysk: Kristen
furlan: Cristian
Gàidhlig: Crìosdaidh
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kî-tuk-thù
한국어: 기독교인
हिन्दी: ईसाई
interlingua: Christiano
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kretyen
Кыргызча: Машаякчы
Ladino: Kristianos
Latina: Christianus
latviešu: Kristieši
lingála: Moklísto
македонски: Христијани
Malagasy: Kristianina
मराठी: ख्रिश्चन
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gĭ-dók-dù
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ခရစ်ယာန်
Nederlands: Christen
Norfuk / Pitkern: Kreschen
norsk nynorsk: Kristne
پنجابی: مسیحی
Tok Pisin: Kristen
Plattdüütsch: Christ
português: Cristão
română: Creștin
русский: Христианин
संस्कृतम्: क्रैस्ताः
Simple English: Christian
slovenčina: Kresťan
کوردی: کریستیان
српски / srpski: Хришћани
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Хришћанин
тоҷикӣ: Насронӣ
українська: Християни
اردو: مسیحی
Tiếng Việt: Kitô hữu
吴语: 基督徒
粵語: 基督徒
Zazaki: Xıristiyan
中文: 基督徒