Chinese people

Portion of a mural in Beijing depicting the 56 recognized ethnic groups of China

Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China,[1] usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation. Han people, the largest ethnic group in China, at about 92% of the population,[2] are often referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in English,[3][4] however there are dozens of other related and unrelated ethnic groups in China.

Ancestry

Woman wearing yellow and green hanfu, a traditional dress of the Han Chinese.

A number of ethnic groups within China, as well as people elsewhere with ancestry in the region, may be referred to as Chinese people.[5]

Han people, the largest ethnic group in China, are often referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in English.[6][3][4] The Han also form a majority or notable minority in other countries, and may comprise as much as 19% of the global human population.[7]

Other ethnic groups in China include the related Hui people or "Chinese Muslims", the Zhuang, Manchu, Uyghurs and Miao, who make up the five largest ethnic minorities in mainland China with populations exceeding 10 million. In addition, the Yi, Tujia, Tibetans and Mongols each number populations between six and nine million.

The People's Republic of China (PRC) officially recognizes 56 distinct ethnic groups, many of whom live in the special administrative regions of the country. However, there exists several smaller ethnicities who are "unrecognized" or subsumed as part another ethnic group. The Republic of China (ROC or commonly Taiwan) officially recognizes 14 tribes of Taiwanese aborigines, who together with unrecognized tribes comprise about 2% of the country's population.[8]

During the Qing dynasty the term "Chinese people" (Chinese: 中國之人 Zhōngguó zhī rén; Manchu: Dulimbai gurun i niyalma) was used by the Qing government to refer to all subjects of the empire, including Han, Manchu, and Mongols.[9]

Zhonghua minzu (simplified Chinese: 中华民族; traditional Chinese: 中華民族; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú), the "Chinese nation", is a supra-ethnic concept which includes all 56 ethnic groups living in China that are officially recognized by the government of the People's Republic of China. It includes established ethnic groups who have lived within the borders of China since at least the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).[10] The term zhonghua minzu was used during the Republic of China from 1911–1949 to refer to a subset of five ethnic groups in China.[11] The term zhongguo renmin (Chinese: 中国人民), "Chinese people", was the government's preferred term during the life of Mao Zedong; zhonghua minzu is more common in recent decades.[12]

Other Languages
العربية: صينيون
Cebuano: Intsik
čeština: Číňané
dansk: Kinesere
español: Pueblo chino
Esperanto: Ĉinoj
euskara: Txinatar
فارسی: مردم چینی
한국어: 중국인
հայերեն: Չինացիներ
Bahasa Indonesia: Tionghoa
Кыргызча: Кытайлар
latviešu: Ķīnieši
lietuvių: Kinai
Bahasa Melayu: Orang Cina
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တရုတ်လူမျိုး
日本語: 中国人
norsk: Kinesere
polski: Chińczycy
русский: Китайцы
sardu: Cinesos
Simple English: Chinese people
српски / srpski: Кинези
Türkçe: Çinliler
Tiếng Việt: Người Trung Quốc
吴语: 中国人
žemaitėška: Kėnā
中文: 中國人