Chiloé Island

Chiloé
Native name:
Isla de Chiloé or Isla Grande de Chiloé
Chile Chiloe Island.png
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates42°40′36″S 73°59′36″W / 42°40′36″S 73°59′36″W / -42.67667; -73.99333
ArchipelagoChiloé Archipelago
Area8,394 km2 (3,241 sq mi)
Length190 km (118 mi)
Width65 km (40.4 mi)
Administration
Chile
ProvinceChiloé Province
Largest settlementCastro (pop. 39,366)
Demographics
Population154,775 (2002)
Pop. density18.44 /km2 (47.76 /sq mi)

Chiloé Island (Spanish: Isla de Chiloé), also known as Greater Island of Chiloé (Isla Grande de Chiloé), is the largest island of the Chiloé Archipelago off the coast of Chile, in the Pacific Ocean. The island is located in southern Chile, in the Los Lagos Region.

Geography

Ferry used between Chilean mainland and Chiloé Island.

With an area of 8,394 square kilometres (3,241 sq mi), Chiloé Island is the second largest island in Chile (after the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego), the largest island completely within Chile, and the fifth largest in South America. It is separated from the Chilean mainland by the Chacao Strait (Canal Chacao) to the north, and by the Gulf of Ancud (Golfo de Ancud) and the Gulf of Corcovado (Golfo Corcovado) to the east; the Pacific Ocean lies to the west, and the Chonos Archipelago lies to the south, across the Boca del Guafo. The island is 190 km (118 mi) from north to south, and averages 55–65 km (34–40 mi) wide. The capital is Castro, on the east side of the island; the second largest town is Ancud, at the island's northwest corner, and there are several smaller port towns on the east side of the island, such as Quellón, Dalcahue and Chonchi.

Chiloé Island and the Chonos Archipelago are a southern extension of the Chilean coastal range at Chilean Patagonia, which runs north and south, parallel to the Pacific coast and the Andes Mountains. The Chilean Central Valley lies between the coastal mountains and the Andes, of which the Gulfs of Ancud and Corcovado form the southern extension. Mountains run north and south along the spine of the island. The east coast is deeply indented, with several natural harbors and numerous smaller islands.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Chiloé-eiland
العربية: جزيرة شيلوي
azərbaycanca: Çiloe
беларуская: Чылаэ (востраў)
Boarisch: Chiloé
Cebuano: Isla Chiloé
čeština: Chiloé
Cymraeg: Chiloé
Deutsch: Chiloé
Ελληνικά: Νήσος Τσιλοέ
Esperanto: Insulo Ĉiloe
français: Île de Chiloé
galego: Chiloé
한국어: 칠로에섬
Bahasa Indonesia: Pulau Chiloé
interlingua: Chiloé
italiano: Chiloé
עברית: צ'ילואה
ქართული: ჩილოე
latviešu: Čiloje
lietuvių: Čilojė
მარგალური: ჩილოე
Nederlands: Chiloé
日本語: チロエ島
norsk: Chiloé
norsk nynorsk: Chiloé-øya
română: Insula Chiloé
Simple English: Chiloé Island
српски / srpski: Чилое (острво)
suomi: Chiloé
svenska: Chiloé
Türkçe: Chiloé
українська: Чилое (острів)
中文: 奇洛埃岛