|Other names||Labour and delivery, partus, giving birth, parturition, birth, confinement|
|Newborn baby and mother|
|Frequency||135 million (2015)|
Childbirth, also known as labour and delivery, is the ending of
The most common way of childbirth is a
Most babies are born
Each year, complications from pregnancy and childbirth result in about 500,000
The most prominent sign of labour is strong repetitive
Pain in contractions has been described as feeling similar to very strong menstrual cramps. Women are often encouraged to refrain from screaming. However, moaning and grunting may be encouraged to help lessen pain. Crowning may be experienced as an intense stretching and burning. Even women who show little reaction to labour pains, in comparison to other women, show a substantially severe reaction to crowning.
During the later stages of gestation there is an increase in abundance of
Between 70% and 80% of mothers in the United States report some feelings of sadness or "baby blues" after giving birth. The symptoms normally occur for a few minutes up to few hours each day and they should lessen and disappear within two weeks after delivery.