Chaudhry Muhammad Ali

Chaudhry Mohammad Ali
چوہدری محمد علی
Chaudhry Mohammad Ali.jpg
4th Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
12 August 1955 – 12 September 1956
MonarchElizabeth II
(6 February 1952 – 23 March 1956)
PresidentIskander Mirza
Governor GeneralIskander Mirza
(12 August 1955 – 23 March 1956)
Preceded byMohammad Ali Bogra
Succeeded byHuseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy
Minister of Defence
In office
12 August 1955 – 12 September 1956
DeputyAkhter Husain
(Defence Secretary)
Preceded byGeneral Ayub Khan
Succeeded byH. S. Suhrawardy
2nd Minister of Finance
In office
24 October 1951 – 11 August 1955
DeputyMumtaz Hasan
(Finance Secretary)
Preceded byGhulam Muhammad
Succeeded byAmjad Ali
Federal Secretary
In office
14 August 1947 – 24 October 1955
Finance Secretary of Pakistan
In office
14 August 1947 – 12 September 1948
Serving with Sir Victor Turner
MinisterGhulam Muhammad
Finance Secretary
In office
2 September 1946 – 14 August 1947
MinisterLiaquat Ali Khan
Preceded byGhulam Muhammad
Succeeded bySir Victor Turner
(as Finance Secretary)
President of Pakistan Muslim League
In office
12 August 1955 – 12 September 1956
Preceded byMohammad Ali
Succeeded byI. I. Chundrigar
Personal details
Born
Chaudhry Muhammad All

(1905-07-15)15 July 1905
Jullunder, Punjab, British India
(Present-day, Jalandhar, Punjab, India)
Died2 December 1982(1982-12-02) (aged 77)
DHA Karachi, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
CitizenshipBritish India (1905–47)
Pakistani (1947–82)
Political partyMuslim League
(1936-19??) (Formed or Joined Nizam e Islam Party 19?? - 1969)
Children2 including sons: Khalid and Amjad
Alma materPunjab University
(BSc and MSc in Official website

Chaudhry Muhammad Ali (Urdu: چوہدری محمد علی‎  15 July 1905 – 2 December 1982), best known as Muhammad Ali, was the fourth Prime Minister of Pakistan , appointed on 12 August 1955 until being removed through a successful passage of vote of no confidence motion in the National Assembly on 12 September 1956.[citation needed]

His credibility is noted for promulgating the first set of the Constitution of Pakistan lost political endorsement from his party when failing to investigate the allegations on vote rigging and the secret defections in favor of the Republican Party.[1]

Biography

Muhammad Ali was born in Jullundar, Punjab in India on 15 July 1905.[2] His family were Arain clan.[3][4] The prefix, Chaudhry, added before his name to represent his family's land holding status.[5]

After his matriculation, Muhammad Ali showed great aptitude for science, first moving to attend the Punjab University in Lahore where he read and graduated with BSc degree in Chemistry in 1925.[6] In 1927, Muhammad Ali attained MSc in Chemistry from Punjab University, and lectured at the Islamia College until 1928.[7][6][1][8]

In 1928, Muhammad Ali went to join the Indian Civil Service, first working as an accountant at the Audit and Accounts Service and was deputed to audit the Bahawalpur state.[2] In 1936, Muhammad Ali was moved as Private Secretary to James Grigg, the Finance minister of India, who later appointed him as the First Indian financial adviser when Grigg was appointed as the War Secretary in 1945.[2] In 1946-47, Muhammad Ali was selected to serve as one of two secretaries to the Partition Council presided over by Lord Mountbatten, later appointed as Finance Secretary at the Ministry of Finance.[2] Over this issue of partition, Muhammad Ali worked with H.M. Patel and Walter Christir to prepare a document titled The Administrative Consequences of Partition.[9]

By the time of the India's partition in 1947, Muhammad Ali was one of the senior Indian civil service officer in India, and decided to opted for Pakistan on 15 August 1947.[10]

After the establishment of Pakistan in 1947, Muhammad Ali was moved as the Finance Secretary under Finance Minister Sir Ghulam Muhammad, alongside with Victor Turner, but this appointment lasted until 1948 due a cabinet reshuffle.[2] He was appointed as the Federal Secretary at the Establishment Division, and aided greatly in setting up the civil bureaucracy and preparing the nation's first federal budget presented by Finance Minister Sir Ghulam Muhammad in 1951.[2]

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