Charles the Bald

Charles the Bald
Carlo calvo.jpg
Charles the Bald in old age; picture from his Psalter
King of the Franks
Reign 840–877
Predecessor Louis I
Holy Roman Emperor
Reign 875–877
Coronation 29 December 875, Pavia
Predecessor Louis II
Successor Charles III
Born 13 June 823 (0823-06-13)
Died 6 October 877 (0877-10-07) (aged 54)
Spouse Ermentrude of Orleans
Richilde of Provence
Issue
House Carolingian
Father Louis the Pious
Mother Judith
Denier of Charles the Bald struck at Paris

Charles the Bald (13 June 823 – 6 October 877) was the King of West Francia (843–77), King of Italy (875–77) and Holy Roman Emperor (875–77, as Charles II). After a series of civil wars during the reign of his father, Louis the Pious, Charles succeeded by the Treaty of Verdun (843) in acquiring the western third of the Carolingian Empire. He was a grandson of Charlemagne and the youngest son of Louis the Pious by his second wife, Judith.

Struggle against his brothers

Kingdoms of Charles the Bald and other Carolingians in 876

He was born on 13 June 823 in Frankfurt, [1] when his elder brothers were already adults and had been assigned their own regna, or subkingdoms, by their father. The attempts made by Louis the Pious to assign Charles a subkingdom, first Alemannia and then the country between the Meuse and the Pyrenees (in 832, after the rising of Pepin I of Aquitaine) were unsuccessful. The numerous reconciliations with the rebellious Lothair and Pepin, as well as their brother Louis the German, King of Bavaria, made Charles's share in Aquitaine and Italy only temporary, but his father did not give up and made Charles the heir of the entire land which was once Gaul and would eventually be France. At a diet in Aachen in 837, Louis the Pious bade the nobles do homage to Charles as his heir. [2] Pepin of Aquitaine died in 838, whereupon Charles at last received that kingdom, [2] which angered Pepin's heirs and the Aquitainian nobles. [3]

The death of the emperor in 840 led to the outbreak of war between his sons. Charles allied himself with his brother Louis the German to resist the pretensions of the new emperor Lothair I, and the two allies defeated Lothair at the Battle of Fontenoy-en-Puisaye on 25 June 841. [4] In the following year, the two brothers confirmed their alliance by the celebrated Oaths of Strasbourg. The war was brought to an end by the Treaty of Verdun in August 843. The settlement gave Charles the Bald the kingdom of the West Franks, which he had been up until then governing and which practically corresponded with what is now France, as far as the Meuse, the Saône, and the Rhône, with the addition of the Spanish March as far as the Ebro. Louis received the eastern part of the Carolingian Empire, known then as East Francia and later as Germany. Lothair retained the imperial title and the Kingdom of Italy. He also received the central regions from Flanders through the Rhineland and Burgundy as king of Middle Francia.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Karl der Kahle
العربية: شارل الأصلع
asturianu: Carlos el Calvu
Bân-lâm-gú: Charles 2-sè
беларуская: Карл II Лысы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Карл II Лысы
български: Карл II Плешиви
brezhoneg: Karl Voal
čeština: Karel II. Holý
Cymraeg: Siarl Foel
español: Carlos el Calvo
فارسی: شارل تاس
Gaeilge: Séarlas Maol
Bahasa Indonesia: Karl yang Botak
italiano: Carlo il Calvo
ქართული: შარლ II მელოტი
Lëtzebuergesch: Charles de Plakapp
македонски: Карло Ќелавиот
Nederlands: Karel de Kale
русский: Карл II Лысый
Simple English: Charles the Bald
slovenščina: Karel Plešasti
српски / srpski: Карло Ћелави
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Charles II od Francuske
Türkçe: Dazlak Karl
українська: Карл II Лисий
Tiếng Việt: Charles Hói
West-Vlams: Karel den Kletsn
Yorùbá: Charles 1k
粵語: 光頭查理
中文: 秃头查理