Central Organising Committee, Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)

Central Organising Committee, Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)
FoundedFebruary 1974
Split fromCommunist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) (Mahadev Mukherjee)
Student wingRadical Students Union in Andhra Pradesh

Central Organising Committee, Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) (abbreviated COC, CPI(ML)) was a communist party in India, one of the main splinter faction of the original Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist). COC, CPI(ML) occupied an middle position between the pro-Charu Majumdar group led by Mahadev Mukherjee and the anti-Majumdar group led by Satyanarayan Singh. Failing to articulate a common ideological position, COC, CPI(ML) soon suffered internal divisions and splits. Two of the splinter groups of COC, CPI(ML) in Andhra Pradesh are predecessors of the present-day Communist Party of India (Maoist).

Split between Mukherjee and Sharma, emergence of COC, CPI(ML)

The emergence of COC, CPI(ML) began in 1973 as the erstwhile secretary of the Punjab branch and Central Committee member of the original CPI(ML), Jagjit Singh Sohal ("Sharma"), began to distance himself from the line of the late CPI(ML) general secretary Charu Majumdar.[1] Sharma had emerged as the secretary of the pro-Majumdar faction of CPI(ML) but soon developed differences with the other main leader of the faction, Mahadev Mukherjee.[1] Sharma began to distance himself from Majumdar's line of annihilation of class enemies and the original CPI(ML) slogan 'China's chairman is our Chairman'.[1] Mukherjee declared Sharma expelled from the party.[2] In October 1973 Sharma formed a new Central Committee consisting of himself, Suniti Ghosh, Sham Chopra and Ram Nath.[1] The Sharma-led group consistuted COC, CPI(ML) as a separate party in February 1974, after having established contacts with a number of state committees.[1][3] COC, CPI(ML) gathered Sharma's group in Punjab, the Andhra Pradesh Committee, Suniti Ghosh from West Bengal and some party cadres from Uttar Pradesh.[4] COC, CPI(ML) published an organ called Liberation.[4] COC, CPI(ML) sought to unite all groups that had been part of CPI(ML) by the time Majumdar had died in 1972, reaffirming that Majumdar's party was the sole true CPI(ML) (thereby rejecting Satyanaryan Singh's break-away CPI(ML)).[3]

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