Central European Time

Time in Africa
    UTC−01:00 Cape Verde Time
    UTC±00:00 Greenwich Mean Time
    UTC±00:00
UTC+01:00
Greenwich Mean Time
Moroccan Summer Time
    UTC+01:00 West Africa Time /
Central European Time
    UTC+02:00 Central Africa Time /
South African Standard Time /
Eastern European Time
    UTC+03:00 East Africa Time
    UTC+04:00 Mauritius Time / Seychelles Time
Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed.

Note: The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland.

Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The time offset from UTC can be written as +01:00. The same standard time, UTC+01:00, is also known as Middle European Time (MET, German: MEZ) and under other names like Berlin Time, Romance Standard Time (RST), Paris Time or Rome Time. [1]

The 15th meridian east is the central axis for UTC+01:00 in the world system of time zones.

As of 2011, all member states of the European Union observe summer time; those that during the winter use CET use Central European Summer Time (CEST) (or: UTC+02:00, daylight saving time) in summer (from last Sunday of March to last Sunday of October).

A number of African countries use UTC+01:00 all year long, where it is called West Africa Time (WAT), although Algeria and Tunisia also use the term Central European Time.[ citation needed]

Usage

Usage in Europe

The monument 'The 15th Meridian' in Stargard, Poland

Current usage

Central European Time is currently (updated 2017) [2] used in Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.

History

  • 1884
  • 1890
    • The areas of current Croatia start using CET.
    • The areas of current Hungary start using CET.
  • 1891
  • 1 April 1893
  • 1894
    • Switzerland switches from UTC+00:30 to CET
    • Liechtenstein introduces CET.
    • Denmark adopts CET.
  • 1895
    • Norway adopts CET.
  • 1900
    • Sweden adopts CET.
  • 1904
    • Luxembourg introduces CET, but leaves 1918.
  • 1914
    • Albania.
  • 1914–1918
    • During World War I CET was implemented in all German-occupied territories.
  • 1920
    • Lithuania adopts CET, but rescinds in 1940.
  • 1922
    • Poland adopts CET.
  • 1940
    • Under German occupation:
      • The Netherlands was switched from UTC+00:20 to CET.
      • Belgium was switched from UTC+00:00.
      • Luxembourg was switched from UTC+00:00.
    • France, which had adopted Paris time on 14 March 1891 and Greenwich Mean Time on 9 March 1911, [4] was switched to CET.

After World War II Monaco, Spain, Andorra and Gibraltar implemented CET.

Portugal used CET in the years 1966–1976 and 1992–1996.

United Kingdom

The time around the world is based on Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) which is roughly synonymous with Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). From late March to late October, clocks in the United Kingdom are put forward by one hour for British Summer Time (BST). Since 1997, most of the European Union aligned with the British standards for BST.

In 1968 there was a three-year experiment called British Standard Time, when the UK and Ireland experimentally employed British Summer Time (GMT+1) all year round; clocks were put forward in March 1968 and not put back until October 1971.[ citation needed]

Central European Time is sometimes referred to as continental time in the UK.

Other countries

Several African countries use UTC+01:00 all year long, where it called West Africa Time (WAT), although Algeria and Tunisia also use the term Central European Time, despite being located in North Africa[ citation needed].

Between 2005 and 2008, Tunisia observed daylight saving time. Libya also used CET during the years 1951–1959, 1982–1989, 1996–1997 and 2012–2013.

For other countries see UTC+01:00 and West Africa Time.

Other Languages
Cymraeg: CET
Esperanto: Mezeŭropa tempo
Bahasa Indonesia: Waktu Eropa Tengah
עברית: CET
Lëtzebuergesch: Mëtteleuropäesch Zäit
Bahasa Melayu: Waktu Eropah Tengah
norsk nynorsk: Sentraleuropeisk tid
sicilianu: CET
Simple English: Central European Time
slovenščina: Srednjeevropski čas
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Srednjoevropsko vrijeme
Tiếng Việt: Giờ chuẩn Trung Âu