Caucasus

Caucasus
Caucasus topographic map-en.svg
Topography of the Caucasus
Countries[1][2]
Partially recognized countries
Autonomous republics and federal regions Russia

 Georgia (country)

 Azerbaijan

DemonymCaucasian
Time ZonesUTC+02:00, UTC+03:00, UTC+03:30, UTC+4:00, UTC+04:30
Highest MountainMt Elbrus
Height of the highest peak5,642 m

The Caucasus s/ or Caucasia ə/ is an area situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and mainly occupied by Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Russia. It is home to the Caucasus Mountains, including the Greater Caucasus mountain range, which has historically been considered a natural barrier between Eastern Europe and Western Asia.[3]

Europe's highest mountain, Mount Elbrus, at 5,642 metres (18,510 ft) is located in the west part of the Greater Caucasus mountain range. On the southern side, the Lesser Caucasus includes the Javakheti Plateau and grows into the Armenian highlands, part of which is located in Turkey.[4]

The Caucasus region is separated into northern and southern parts – the North Caucasus (Ciscaucasus) and Transcaucasus (South Caucasus), respectively. The Greater Caucasus mountain range in the north is mostly shared by Russia and Georgia, as well as the northernmost parts of Azerbaijan. The Lesser Caucasus mountain range in the south is occupied by several independent states, namely, mostly by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, but also extending to parts of northeastern Turkey, northern Iran and the partially recognised Artsakh Republic.

The region is known for its linguistic diversity: aside from Indo-European and Turkic languages, the Kartvelian, Northwest Caucasian, and Northeast Caucasian language families are indigenous to the area.

Origin of the name

The term Caucasus is derived from Caucas the forefather of Nakh peoples. According to Leonti Mroveli, the XI century Georgian chronicler, the word Caucasian is derived from the Vainakh ancestor Kavkas.[5] "The Vainakhs are the ancient natives of the Caucasus. It is noteworthy, that according to the genealogical table drawn up by Leonti Mroveli, the legendary forefather of the Vainakhs was "Kavkas", hence the name Kavkasians, one of the ethnicons met in the ancient Georgian written sources, signifying the ancestors of the Chechens and Ingush. As appears from the above, the Vainakhs, at least by name, are presented as the most "Caucasian" people of all the Caucasians (Caucasus - Kavkas - Kavkasians) in the Georgian historical tradition."[6][7]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Къаукъаз
адыгабзэ: Къаукъаз
አማርኛ: ካውካሶስ
Ænglisc: Caucasus
العربية: القوقاز
aragonés: Caucas
arpetan: Côcase
asturianu: Cáucasu
Avañe'ẽ: Káukaso
авар: Кавказ
azərbaycanca: Qafqaz
تۆرکجه: قافقاز
বাংলা: ককেসাস
Bân-lâm-gú: Caucasus
башҡортса: Кавказ
беларуская: Каўказ
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Каўкаскія горы
भोजपुरी: कॉकेशस
български: Кавказки регион
bosanski: Kavkaz (regija)
brezhoneg: Kaokaz
català: Caucas
Чӑвашла: Кавказ
čeština: Kavkaz (region)
dansk: Kaukasien
Deutsch: Kaukasien
eesti: Kaukaasia
Ελληνικά: Καυκασία
español: Cáucaso
Esperanto: Kaŭkazio
euskara: Kaukasia
فارسی: قفقاز
Fiji Hindi: Caucasus
français: Caucase
Frysk: Kaukasus
Gaeilge: Cugas
Gàidhlig: Cabhcas
galego: Cáucaso
ГӀалгӀай: Кавказ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kavkaz
한국어: 캅카스
հայերեն: Կովկաս
Արեւմտահայերէն: Կովկաս
हिन्दी: कॉकस
hrvatski: Kavkaz (regija)
Bahasa Indonesia: Kaukasus
Ирон: Кавказ
isiXhosa: Caucasus
íslenska: Kákasus
italiano: Caucaso
עברית: קווקז
Jawa: Kaokasus
къарачай-малкъар: Кавказ
ქართული: კავკასია
қазақша: Кавказ
kurdî: Qefqasya
Кыргызча: Кавказ
лакку: Ккавкказ
لۊری شومالی: قفقاز
latviešu: Kaukāzs
лезги: Къавкъаз
lietuvių: Kaukazas
Limburgs: Kaukasië
Lingua Franca Nova: Caucasos
македонски: Кавказ
Malagasy: Kaokazy
മലയാളം: കൊക്കേഷ്യ
मराठी: कॉकेशस
მარგალური: კავკაცია
مصرى: القوقاز
مازِرونی: قفقاز
Bahasa Melayu: Caucasus
Nederlands: Kaukasus (gebied)
नेपाली: ककेसस
日本語: コーカサス
нохчийн: Кавказ
norsk: Kaukasia
norsk nynorsk: Kaukasia
occitan: Caucàs
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kavkaz
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕੋਹਕਾਫ਼
Piemontèis: Càucas
português: Cáucaso
română: Caucaz
русский: Кавказ
саха тыла: Хапхаас
sardu: Càucasu
Scots: Caucasus
sicilianu: Caucasu
Simple English: Caucasus
Soomaaliga: Qooqaas
کوردی: قەوقاز
српски / srpski: Кавказ (регион)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kavkaz (region)
Sunda: Kaukasus
suomi: Kaukasia
svenska: Kaukasien
Tagalog: Kaukasya
татарча/tatarça: Кавказ
тоҷикӣ: Қафқоз
Türkçe: Kafkasya
українська: Кавказ
اردو: قفقاز
Tiếng Việt: Kavkaz
Winaray: Caucaso
粵語: 高加索
Zazaki: Kofkas
中文: 高加索