Catalan language

Catalan
Catalan–Valencian–Balearic
català
Pronunciation[kətəˈla]
Native toAndorra, France, Italy, Spain
Native speakers
4.1 million[1] (2012)
Total number of speakers: More than 10 million (L1 plus L2; 2018)[2]
Early form
Standard forms
Catalan (regulated by the IEC)
Valencian (regulated by the AVL)
Latin (Catalan alphabet)
Catalan Braille
Signed Catalan
Official status
Official language in


Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byInstitut d'Estudis Catalans
Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua
Language codes
ca
cat
ISO 639-3cat
stan1289[4]
Linguasphere51-AAA-e
Domínio geolinguístico do catalão
  Territories where Catalan is spoken and is official
  Territories where Catalan is spoken but is not official
  Territories where Catalan is not historically spoken but is official
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Catalan (n/;[5] autonym: català) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain. It is the only official language of Andorra,[6] and a co-official language of the Spanish autonomous communities of Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and Valencia (where the language is known as Valencian). It also has semi-official status in the Italian commune of Alghero.[7] It is also spoken in the eastern strip of Aragon, in some villages of Region of Murcia called Carche and in the Pyrénées-Orientales department of France. These territories are often called Països Catalans or "Catalan Countries".

Catalan evolved from Vulgar Latin in the Middle Ages around the eastern Pyrenees. 19th-century Spain saw a Catalan literary revival,[8][9] culminating in the early 1900s.

Etymology and pronunciation

Catalan Countries (Països Catalans): (In orange, strict Catalan-speaking area) NE modern Spain (Catalonia, Valencian Community and Balearic Islands), SE. France (Roussillon, touching the Pyrenees) and Comune of Alghero (NW coast of Sardinia, Island belonging to Italy)
The Crown of Aragon in 1443. King James the Conqueror [1208-1276] dictated his autobiographical chronicles entirely in Catalan. Some of this territory nowadays makes up the Catalan Countries.

The word Catalan is derived from the territorial name of Catalonia, itself of disputed etymology. The main theory suggests that Catalunya (Latin Gathia Launia) derives from the name Gothia or Gauthia ("Land of the Goths"), since the origins of the Catalan counts, lords and people were found in the March of Gothia, whence Gothland > Gothlandia > Gothalania > Catalonia theoretically derived.[10][11]

In English, the term referring to a person first appears in the mid 14th century as Catelaner, followed in the 15th century as Catellain (from French). It is attested a language name since at least 1652. Catalan can be pronounced as n/, n/ or n/.[5]

The endonym is pronounced [kətəˈla] in the Eastern Catalan dialects, and [kataˈla] in the Western dialects. In the Valencian Community, the term valencià [valensiˈa] is frequently used instead. The names "Catalan" and "Valencian" are two names for the same language.[12][13][inconsistent] See also status of Valencian below.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Katalaans
አማርኛ: ካታላንኛ
Ænglisc: Catalan sprǣc
العربية: لغة كتالونية
aragonés: Idioma catalán
arpetan: Catalan
asturianu: Idioma catalán
Avañe'ẽ: Katalã ñe'ẽ
azərbaycanca: Katalan dili
Bân-lâm-gú: Catalunya-gí
башҡортса: Каталан теле
беларуская: Каталанская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Каталянская мова
Bikol Central: Katalan
български: Каталонски език
Boarisch: Katalanisch
brezhoneg: Katalaneg
català: Català
čeština: Katalánština
Cymraeg: Catalaneg
davvisámegiella: Katalánagiella
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Catalàn
español: Idioma catalán
Esperanto: Kataluna lingvo
estremeñu: Luenga catalana
euskara: Katalan
Fiji Hindi: Catalan bhasa
føroyskt: Katalanskt mál
français: Catalan
Frysk: Katalaansk
Gàidhlig: Catalanais
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Catalunya-ngî
한국어: 카탈루냐어
հայերեն: Կատալաներեն
hornjoserbsce: Katalanšćina
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Katala
interlingua: Lingua catalan
isiZulu: IsiKatalani
íslenska: Katalónska
italiano: Lingua catalana
עברית: קטלאנית
Basa Jawa: Basa Katala
Kapampangan: Amanung Katalan
къарачай-малкъар: Каталан тил
қазақша: Каталан тілі
kernowek: Katalanek
Kinyarwanda: Igikatalani
Kiswahili: Kikatalunya
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lang katalan
lietuvių: Katalonų kalba
Limburgs: Catalaans
Lingua Franca Nova: Catalan (lingua)
lumbaart: Lengua catalana
македонски: Каталонски јазик
მარგალური: კატალანური ნინა
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Catalonia
монгол: Каталан хэл
Nederlands: Catalaans
Nedersaksies: Kattelaans
नेपाल भाषा: कातालान भाय्
Nordfriisk: Katalaans spriak
norsk: Katalansk
norsk nynorsk: Katalansk
Nouormand: Catalan
Novial: Katalanum
occitan: Catalan
олык марий: Каталан йылме
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Katalan tili
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ភាសាកាតាឡាន
Piemontèis: Lenga catalan-a
Plattdüütsch: Katalaansch
português: Língua catalã
Qaraqalpaqsha: Katalan tili
qırımtatarca: Katalan tili
reo tahiti: Reo Tatarūnia
română: Limba catalană
rumantsch: Lingua catalana
Runa Simi: Katalan simi
Gagana Samoa: Fa'aCatalan
Seeltersk: Kataloansk
sicilianu: Lingua catalana
Simple English: Catalan language
slovenčina: Katalánčina
slovenščina: Katalonščina
српски / srpski: Каталонски језик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Katalonski jezik
suomi: Katalaani
svenska: Katalanska
Taqbaylit: Takatalant
татарча/tatarça: Каталан теле
Türkçe: Katalanca
Türkmençe: Katalan dili
удмурт: Каталан кыл
українська: Каталонська мова
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كاتالان تىلى
vepsän kel’: Katalanan kel'
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Catalunya
Volapük: Katalonänapük
West-Vlams: Cataloans
Winaray: Kinatalan
ייִדיש: קאטאלאניש
Zazaki: Katalanki
žemaitėška: Kataluonu kalba