Casuarina

Casuarina
Casuarina equisetifolia 0004.jpg
Casuarina equisetifolia, showing red female flowers and mature fruits
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fagales
Family:Casuarinaceae
Genus:Casuarina
L.
Species

See text

Casuarina distribution.svg
Fruit of C. equisetifolia
Casuarina sp. at the Muséum de Toulouse, France.

Casuarina is a genus of 17 tree species in the family Casuarinaceae, native to Australia, the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, and islands of the western Pacific Ocean. It was once treated as the sole genus in the family, but has been split into three genera (see: Casuarinaceae).[1][2]

Casuarina equisetifolia at Chikhaldara, India.

They are evergreen shrubs and trees growing to 35 m (115 ft) tall. The foliage consists of slender, much-branched green to grey-green twigs bearing minute scale-leaves in whorls of 5–20. The apetalous flowers are produced in small catkin-like inflorescences. Most species are dioecious, but a few are monoecious. The fruit is a woody, oval structure superficially resembling a conifer cone, made up of numerous carpels, each containing a single seed with a small wing.[1][3] The generic name is derived from the Malay word for the cassowary, kasuari, alluding to the similarities between the bird's feathers and the plant's foliage,[4] though the tree is called rhu in current standard Malay.

Ecology

Casuarina species are a food source of the larvae of hepialid moths; members of the genus Aenetus, including A. lewinii and A. splendens, burrow horizontally into the trunk then vertically down. Endoclita malabaricus also feeds on Casuarina. The noctuid turnip moth is also recorded feeding on Casuarina.

Pedunculagin, casuarictin, strictinin, casuarinin and casuariin are ellagitannins found in the species within the genus.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: كازارينا
català: Casuarina
Cebuano: Casuarina
čeština: Přesličník
Deutsch: Kasuarinen
español: Casuarina
Esperanto: Kasuarino
français: Casuarina
hrvatski: Presličnjak
Ilokano: Casuarina
italiano: Casuarina
עברית: קזוארינה
кырык мары: Казуарина
magyar: Kazuárfa
norsk: Casuarina
Перем Коми: Казуарина
polski: Rzewnia
português: Casuarina
русский: Казуарина
svenska: Casuarina
தமிழ்: சவுக்கு
తెలుగు: సరుగుడు
Türkçe: Casuarina
удмурт: Казуарина
українська: Казуарина
Tiếng Việt: Casuarina
Winaray: Casuarina
中文: 木麻黄属