Castile and León

Castile and León

Castilla y León  (Spanish)
Castiella y Llión  (Leonese)
Castela e León  (Galician)
Castilla y León  (Spanish)
Map of Castile and León
Location of Castile and León within Spain
Coordinates: 41°23′N 4°27′W / 41°23′N 4°27′W / 41.383; -4.450 · Junta de Castilla y León

Castile and León (UK: n/, US: n/; Spanish: Castilla y León [kasˈtiʎa i leˈon] (About this soundlisten); Leonese: Castiella y Llión [kasˈtjeʎa i ʎiˈoŋ] is an autonomous community in north-western Spain.

It was constituted in 1983, although it existed for the first time during the First Spanish Republic in the 19th century. León first appeared as a Kingdom in 910, whilst the Kingdom of Castile gained an independent identity in 1065 and was intermittently held in personal union with León before merging with it in 1230. Though the kings of Castile and León initially continued to take the title King of León as the superior title, and to use a lion as part of their standard, power in fact became centralized in Castile, as exemplified by the Leonese language's replacement by Spanish. The Kingdom of León and the Kingdom of Castile kept different parliaments, different flags, different coin and different laws until the Modern Era, when Spain, like other European states, centralized governmental power in 1833. The autonomous community of Castile and León is the result of the union in 1983 of nine provinces: the three that, after the territorial division of 1833, were part of the Region of León and six attached to the Old Castile, except in the latter case the provinces of Santander (current community of Cantabria) and Logroño (current La Rioja).It is the largest autonomous community in Spain and the third largest region of the European Union, covering an area of 94,223 square kilometres (36,380 sq mi) with an official population of around 2.5 million (2011).

Symbols

Symbols of Castile and León in the cathedral of Burgos.

The Statute of Autonomy of Castile and León, reformed for the last time in 2007, establishes in the sixth article of its preliminary title the symbols of the community's exclusive identity. These are: the coat of arms, the flag, the banner and the anthem. Its legal protection is the same as that corresponding to the symbols of the State -whose outrages are classified as crime in article 543 of the Penal Code-.[15][16]

In the articulated statuary, the coat of arms is defined as follows:[15]

The coat of arms of Castile and León is a stamped shield by open royal crown, barracked in cross. The first and fourth quartering: in the field of gules, a merloned golden castle of three merlons, drafted of sable and rinse of azure. The second and third quartering: in a silver field, a rampant lion of purple, lingued, dyed and armed with gules, crowned with gold.

Likewise, the flag is described as follows:[15]

The flag of Castile and León is quartered and contains the symbols of Castile and León, as described in the previous section. The flag will fly in all the centres and official acts of the Community, to the right of the Spanish flag.

Following the same wording, the banner is constituted by the shield quartered on a traditional crimson background. The Statute also expresses: "The anthem and the other symbols [...] will be regulated by specific law". After the promulgation of the fundamental norm, this law was not promulgated, so the anthem does not exist, but de iure is a symbol of autonomy.[15]

Other Languages
العربية: قشتالة وليون
Avañe'ẽ: Castilla y León
azərbaycanca: Kastiliya və Leon
Bân-lâm-gú: Castilla kap León
беларуская: Кастылія і Леон
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кастылія і Леон
Bikol Central: Castilla asin Leon
български: Кастилия и Леон
čeština: Kastilie a León
estremeñu: Castilla i Lión
Gàidhlig: Castilla y León
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Castilla lâu León
Hawaiʻi: Castille a Leon
Bahasa Indonesia: Castilla y León
interlingua: Castilia e León
íslenska: Kastilía-León
kernowek: Kastil ha Leon
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kastil ak Leon
Lëtzebuergesch: Kastilien-León
Lingua Franca Nova: Castelia e Leon
македонски: Кастиља и Леон
Bahasa Melayu: Castile-León
Nederlands: Castilië en León
Norfuk / Pitkern: Castiil a' Liion
norsk nynorsk: Castilla y León
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Castilla y León
Piemontèis: Castija e León
português: Castela e Leão
Seeltersk: Kastilien-León
Simple English: Castile and León
српски / srpski: Кастиља и Леон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kastilja i Leon
tarandíne: Castiglia e León
українська: Кастилія і Леон
Tiếng Việt: Castilla và León
West-Vlams: Castilië en León