Castanea sativa

Sweet chestnut
Chestnuts.jpg
Sweet chestnut fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
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Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
C. sativa
Binomial name
Castanea sativa
Castanea sativa range.svg
Distribution map
Castanea sativa - MHNT
Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa), raw, unpeeled
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy891 kJ (213 kcal)
45.54 g
Dietary fiber8.1 g
2.26 g
Saturated0.425 g
Monounsaturated0.780 g
Polyunsaturated0.894 g
2.42 g
Tryptophan0.027 g
Threonine0.086 g
Isoleucine0.095 g
Leucine0.143 g
Lysine0.143 g
Methionine0.057 g
Cystine0.077 g
Phenylalanine0.102 g
Tyrosine0.067 g
Valine0.135 g
Arginine0.173 g
Histidine0.067 g
Alanine0.161 g
Aspartic acid0.417 g
Glutamic acid0.312 g
Glycine0.124 g
Proline0.127 g
Serine0.121 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Vitamin A equiv.
0%
1 μg
1)
21%
0.238 mg
2)
14%
0.168 mg
3)
8%
1.179 mg
5)
10%
0.509 mg
6
29%
0.376 mg
9)
16%
62 μg
12
0%
0.00 μg
Vitamin C
52%
43.0 mg
MineralsQuantity %DV
Calcium
3%
27 mg
Copper
22%
0.447 mg
Iron
8%
1.01 mg
Magnesium
9%
32 mg
Manganese
45%
0.952 mg
Phosphorus
13%
93 mg
Potassium
11%
518 mg
Sodium
0%
3 mg
Zinc
5%
0.52 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water48.65 g

Percentages are roughly approximated using USDA Nutrient Database

Castanea sativa, or sweet chestnut, is a species of flowering plant in the family Fagaceae, native to Southern Europe and Asia Minor, and widely cultivated throughout the temperate world. A substantial, long-lived deciduous tree, it produces an edible seed, the chestnut, which has been used in cooking since ancient times.

Names

The tree is commonly called the "chestnut", or "sweet chestnut" to distinguish it from the horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum, to which it is only distantly related. Other common names include "Spanish chestnut",[2] "Portuguese chestnut" and "marron" (French for "chestnut"). The Latin sativa means "cultivated by humans".[3] Some selected varieties are smaller and more compact in growth yielding earlier in life with different ripening time: the Marigoule, the Marisol and the Maraval.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Edelkastanie
العربية: كستناء حلو
asturianu: Castanea sativa
azərbaycanca: Əkin şabalıdı
български: Сладък кестен
Boarisch: Kesten
bosanski: Pitomi kesten
català: Castanyer
corsu: Castagnu
Deutsch: Edelkastanie
dolnoserbski: Pšawa kastanija
español: Castanea sativa
euskara: Gaztainondo
français: Castanea sativa
furlan: Cjastinâr
Gaeilge: Castán inite
galego: Castiñeiro
한국어: 유럽밤나무
hornjoserbsce: Prawa kastanija
hrvatski: Pitomi kesten
íslenska: Kastaníutré
italiano: Castanea sativa
עברית: ערמון
kernowek: Kesten
latviešu: Ēdamā kastaņa
Lëtzebuergesch: Séisskäschtebam
lumbaart: Castanea sativa
Nederlands: Tamme kastanje
norsk nynorsk: Edelkastanje
Pälzisch: Edelkastanie
Piemontèis: Castanea sativa
português: Castanea sativa
sicilianu: Castagnu
Simple English: Sweet Chestnut
slovenščina: Pravi kostanj
српски / srpski: Питоми кестен
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pitomi kesten
svenska: Äkta kastanj
українська: Каштан їстівний
Tiếng Việt: Dẻ thơm
中文: 歐洲栗