Carolyn McAskie OC (born 15 December 1946) is a Canadian diplomat and former assistant secretary-general for peacekeeping at the United Nations. She was the head of the United Nations mission to Burundi (ONUB) in 2004, making her the first Canadian to lead a United Nations peacekeeping mission following the UN's switch to complex missions.
McAskie was born in Glasgow, Scotland. She entered the Canadian Civil Service in 1968.
From 1975–1980, McAskie served as Assistant Director of Finance and Personnel at the Commonwealth Secretariat in London.
Her first major role with the government of Canada was as Canadian High Commissioner to Sri Lanka and the Maldives in 1983. In 1985, she participated in the World Conference on Women. In 1993, McAskie began working at the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). She served as Vice-President for African and the Middle Eastern programs, as well as Vice-President for CIDA's multilateral programs.
As of 2018, McAskie is a senior fellow at the University of Ottawa's Graduate School of Public and International Affairs. She was also a director for CANADEM, and a director of Pearson Peacekeeping Centre.