Caribbean Community

Caribbean Community

  • Communauté caribéenne  (French)
  • Caribische Gemeenschap  (Dutch)
  • Comunidad del Caribe  (Spanish)
Flag of Caribbean Community
Flag
Dark green: Full CARICOM members. Lime green: Associate CARICOM members. Pistachio: Observers.
Dark green: Full CARICOM members.
Lime green: Associate CARICOM members.
Pistachio: Observers.
Seat of SecretariatGuyana Georgetown, Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana
Largest citiesIn Full Member States
Haiti Port-au-Prince, Ouest, Haiti
In All Member States
Mexico Mexico City, Mexico
Official languagesEnglish, French, Dutch, Spanish
Working languageEnglish
TypeSupranational organisation
Member states
Leaders
Andrew Holness
Irwin LaRocque
Establishment
4 July 1973
• Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas
2001
Area
• Total
458,480 km2 (177,020 sq mi)
Population
• 2017 estimate
18,095,201[2]
• Density
34.8/km2 (90.1/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$135.1 billion
• Per capita
$7,464.09
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$72.188 billion
• Per capita
$3,989 (67)
HDI (2018)Increase 0.730[3]
high
CurrencyBahamian dollar (BSD)
Barbadian dollar (BBD)
Belize dollar (BZD)
Bermudian dollar (BMD)
Cayman Islands dollar (KYD)
Eastern Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Guyanese dollar (GYD)
Haitian gourde (HTG)
Jamaican dollar (JMD)
Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Surinamese dollar (SRD)
CARICOM.org

The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is an organisation of fifteen Caribbean nations and dependencies whose main objective is to promote economic integration and cooperation among its members, to ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared, and to coordinate foreign policy.[4] The organisation was established in 1973. Its major activities involve coordinating economic policies and development planning; devising and instituting special projects for the less-developed countries within its jurisdiction; operating as a regional single market for many of its members (Caricom Single Market); and handling regional trade disputes. The secretariat headquarters is in Georgetown, Guyana. CARICOM is an official United Nations Observer.[5]

Established mainly by the English-speaking parts of the Caribbean, CARICOM has become multilingual in practice with the addition of Dutch-speaking Suriname on 4 July 1995 and Haitian Kreyòl- and French-speaking Haiti on 2 July 2002. Furthermore, it was suggested that Spanish should also become a working language.[6] In July 2012, CARICOM announced that they were considering making French and Dutch official languages.[7] In 2001, the heads of government signed a revised Treaty of Chaguaramas that cleared the way to transform the idea of a common market CARICOM into a Caribbean (CARICOM) Single Market and Economy. Part of the revised treaty establishes and implements the Caribbean Court of Justice.

Membership

Currently CARICOM has 15 full members, 5 associate members and 8 observers. All of the associate members are British overseas territories, and it is currently not established what the role of the associate members will be. The observers are states which engage in at least one of CARICOM's technical committees. Although the group has close ties with Caribbean Community (CARICOM) bloc signed the "CARICOM-Cuba Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement"[8] to facilitate closer ties.

CARICOM Members[9]
Status Name Join date Notes
Full member  Antigua and Barbuda 4 July 1974
 Bahamas 4 July 1983 Not part of customs union
 Barbados 1 August 1973 One of the four founding members
 Belize 1 May 1974
 Dominica 1 May 1974
 Grenada 1 May 1974
 Guyana 1 August 1973 One of the four founding members
 Haiti 2 July 2002 Provisional membership on 4 July 1998
 Jamaica 1 August 1973 One of the four founding members
 Montserrat 1 May 1974 British overseas territory
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 26 July 1974 Joined as Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
 Saint Lucia 1 May 1974
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 May 1974
 Suriname 4 July 1995
 Trinidad and Tobago 1 August 1973 One of the four founding members
Associate  Anguilla July 1999 British overseas territory
 Bermuda 2 July 2003 British overseas territory
 British Virgin Islands July 1991 British overseas territory
 Cayman Islands 16 May 2002 British overseas territory
 Turks and Caicos Islands July 1991 British overseas territory
Observer  Aruba Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
 Colombia
 Curaçao Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
 Dominican Republic
 Mexico
 Puerto Rico Unincorporated territory of the United States
 Sint Maarten Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
 Venezuela
Other Languages
dansk: CARICOM
Esperanto: Karibia Komunumo
Bahasa Indonesia: Komunitas Karibia
Kreyòl ayisyen: CARICOM
مازِرونی: کاراییب انجمن
norsk: CARICOM
norsk nynorsk: CARICOM
polski: CARICOM
Simple English: Caribbean Community
suomi: Caricom
Tiếng Việt: Cộng đồng Caribe