Cargo liner

RMS St Helena, one of the last cargo liners, in James Bay off Saint Helena.

A cargo liner, also known as a passenger-cargo ship or passenger-cargoman, is a type of merchant ship which carries general cargo and often passengers. They became common just after the middle of the 19th century, and eventually gave way to container ships and other more specialized carriers in the latter half of the 20th century.

Characteristics

A cargo liner has been defined as:

A vessel which operated a regular scheduled service on a fixed route between designated ports and carries many consignments of different commodities.[1]

Cargo liners transported general freight, from raw materials to manufactures to merchandise. Many had cargo holds adapted to particular services, with refrigerator space for frozen meats or chilled fruit, tanks for liquid cargos such as plant oils, and lockers for valuables.[2] Cargo liners typically carried passengers as well, usually in a single class.[3] They differed from ocean liners which focussed on the passenger trade, and from tramp steamers which did not operate on regular schedules.[3] Cargo liners sailed from port to port along routes and on schedules published in advance.[4]

Other Languages
Deutsch: Kombischiff
Nederlands: Cargo liner
日本語: 貨客船