Cardiff

Cardiff
Caerdydd
City & County
City and County of Cardiff
Dinas a Sir Caerdydd
Clockwise from top left: The Senedd, Principality Stadium, Norman keep, Cardiff Bay, Cardiff City Centre, City Hall clock tower, Welsh National War Memorial
Flag of Cardiff
Flag
Official logo of Cardiff
Coat of arms
Motto(s): "Y ddraig goch ddyry cychwyn"
("The red dragon will lead the way")
City and County of Cardiffand (inset) within Wales
City and County of Cardiff
and (inset) within Wales
Cardiff is located in Wales
Cardiff
Cardiff
Location of Cardiff
Cardiff is located in the United Kingdom
Cardiff
Cardiff
Cardiff (the United Kingdom)
Cardiff is located in Europe
Cardiff
Cardiff
Cardiff (Europe)
Coordinates: 51°29′N 3°11′W / 51°29′N 3°11′W / 51.483; -3.183
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Wales
RegionSouth Wales
Ceremonial countySouth Glamorgan
Historic CountyGlamorgan
Local governmentCardiff Council
City status1905
Government
 • Cardiff Council LeaderMatt Edwards
 • Welsh Assembly
 • UK Parliament
 • European ParliamentWales
Area
 • City & County140.3 km2 (54.2 sq mi)
 • Urban75.72 km2 (29.24 sq mi)
Population (2016 estimate)
 • City & County361,468[1]
 • Urban479,000[2]
 • Metro1,097,000 (Cardiff-South Wales Valleys)
Demonym(s)Cardiffian
Time zoneGMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST)BST (UTC+1)
Post codesCF
Area code(s)029
Vehicle area codesCA, CB, CC, CD, CE, CF, CG, CH, CJ, CK, CL, CM, CN, CO
Police ForceSouth Wales Police
Fire ServiceSouth Wales Fire and Rescue Service
Ambulance ServiceWelsh Ambulance Service
Primary AirportCardiff Airport
Ethnicity
(2011 Census) [3]
  • 84.7% White (80.3% White British)
  • 8.0% Asian
  • 2.4% Black
  • 2.9% Mixed Race
  • 2.0% Other
GDPUS$ 36.0 billion [4]
GDP per capitaUS$ 29,674[4]
WebsiteOfficial Website

Cardiff (f/ (About this sound listen); Welsh: Caerdydd [kairˈdiːð, kɑːɨrˈdɨːð] (About this sound listen)) is the capital of, and largest city in, Wales, and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom. It is Wales's chief commercial centre, the base for most national cultural and sporting institutions, the Welsh national media, and the seat of the National Assembly for Wales. The unitary authority area's 2016 population was estimated to be 361,468,[1] while the population of the Cardiff Capital Region (the ten local authorities of South East Wales) was estimated to be 1.52M.[1] Cardiff is a significant tourist centre and the most popular visitor destination in Wales with 18.3 million visitors in 2010.[5] In 2011 Cardiff was ranked sixth in the world in National Geographic's alternative tourist destinations.[6]

The city of Cardiff is the county town of the historic county of Glamorgan (and later South Glamorgan). Cardiff is part of the Eurocities network of the largest European cities.[7] A small town until the early 19th century, its prominence as a major port for the transport of coal following the arrival of industry in the region contributed to its rise as a major city. The Cardiff Built-up Area covers a slightly larger area outside the county boundary and includes the towns of Dinas Powys and Penarth.

Cardiff was made a city in 1905, and proclaimed the capital of Wales in 1955. Since the 1980s, Cardiff has seen significant development. A new waterfront area at Cardiff Bay contains the Senedd building, home to the Welsh Assembly and the Wales Millennium Centre arts complex. Current developments include the continuation of the redevelopment of the Cardiff Bay and city centre areas with projects such as the Cardiff International Sports Village, a BBC drama village,[8] and a new business district in the city centre.[9]

Sporting venues in the city include the Principality Stadium (the national stadium for the Welsh rugby union team), Sophia Gardens (the home of Glamorgan County Cricket Club), Cardiff City Stadium (the home of Cardiff City football team and the Wales football team), Cardiff International Sports Stadium (the home of Cardiff Amateur Athletic Club), Cardiff Arms Park (the home of Cardiff Blues and Cardiff RFC rugby union teams) and Ice Arena Wales (the home of Cardiff Devils ice hockey team). The city hosted the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games. The city was awarded the title of European City of Sport twice, due to its role in hosting major international sporting events: first in 2009 and again in 2014.[10] The Principality Stadium hosted 11 football matches as part of the 2012 Summer Olympics, including the games' opening event and the men's bronze medal match.[11]

Etymology

The front wall of Cardiff Castle
Part of the original Roman fort

Caerdydd (the Welsh name of the city) derives from the earlier Welsh form Caerdyf. The change from -dyf to -dydd shows the colloquial alteration of Welsh f [v] and dd [ð], and was perhaps also driven by folk etymology (dydd is Welsh for 'day' whereas *dyf has no obvious meaning). This sound change had probably first occurred in the Middle Ages; both forms were current in the Tudor period. Caerdyf has its origins in post-Roman Brythonic words meaning "the fort of the Taff". The fort probably refers to that established by the Romans. Caer is Welsh for fort and -dyf is in effect a form of Taf (Taff), the river which flows by Cardiff Castle, with the ⟨t⟩ showing consonant mutation to ⟨d⟩ and the vowel showing affection as a result of a (lost) genitive case ending.[12]

The anglicised form Cardiff is derived from Caerdyf, with the Welsh f [v] borrowed as ff f/, as also happens in Taff (from Welsh Taf) and Llandaff (from Welsh Llandaf). As English does not have the vowel [ɨ] the final vowel has been borrowed as ɪ/.

The antiquarian William Camden (1551–1623) suggested that the name Cardiff may derive from *Caer-Didi ("the Fort of Didius"), a name supposedly given in honour of Aulus Didius Gallus, governor of a nearby province at the time when the Roman fort was established. Although some sources repeat this theory, it has been rejected on linguistic grounds by modern scholars such as Professor Gwynedd Pierce.[13]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Cardiff
አማርኛ: ካርዲፍ
العربية: كارديف
asturianu: Caerdydd
azərbaycanca: Kardiff
تۆرکجه: کاردیف
বাংলা: কার্ডিফ
Bân-lâm-gú: Cardiff
беларуская: Кардыф
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кардыф
भोजपुरी: कार्डिफ
български: Кардиф
bosanski: Cardiff
brezhoneg: Kerdiz
català: Cardiff
čeština: Cardiff
chiShona: Cardiff
Cymraeg: Caerdydd
dansk: Cardiff
davvisámegiella: Caerdydd
Deutsch: Cardiff
dolnoserbski: Cardiff
eesti: Cardiff
Ελληνικά: Κάρντιφ
español: Cardiff
Esperanto: Cardiff
estremeñu: Cardiff
euskara: Cardiff
فارسی: کاردیف
français: Cardiff
Frysk: Cardiff
Gaeilge: Caerdydd
Gaelg: Cayr Deeth
Gàidhlig: Caerdydd
galego: Cardiff
한국어: 카디프
Հայերեն: Քարդիֆ
हिन्दी: कार्डिफ़
hornjoserbsce: Cardiff
hrvatski: Cardiff (Wales)
Ido: Cardiff
Bahasa Indonesia: Cardiff
Interlingue: Cardiff
Ирон: Кардифф
íslenska: Cardiff
italiano: Cardiff
עברית: קארדיף
Basa Jawa: Cardiff
ქართული: კარდიფი
қазақша: Кардифф
kernowek: Kardydh
Kiswahili: Cardiff
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kadif
Кыргызча: Кардифф
Latina: Cardiffa
latviešu: Kārdifa
lietuvių: Kardifas
Ligure: Cardiff
Livvinkarjala: Caerdydd
lumbaart: Cardiff
magyar: Cardiff
македонски: Кардиф
മലയാളം: കാർഡിഫ്
मराठी: कार्डिफ
مصرى: كارديف
مازِرونی: کاردیف
Bahasa Melayu: Cardiff
монгол: Кардифф
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကားဒစ်မြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Cardiff
Nederlands: Cardiff
日本語: カーディフ
norsk: Cardiff
norsk nynorsk: Cardiff
occitan: Cardiff
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਾਰਡਿਫ਼
پنجابی: کارڈف
Piemontèis: Cardiff
Plattdüütsch: Cardiff
polski: Cardiff
português: Cardiff
română: Cardiff
Runa Simi: Cardiff
русский: Кардифф
Scots: Cairdiff
shqip: Kardif
sicilianu: Cardiff
Simple English: Cardiff
slovenčina: Cardiff
slovenščina: Cardiff
ślůnski: Cardiff
کوردی: کاردیف
српски / srpski: Кардиф
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Cardiff
suomi: Cardiff
svenska: Cardiff
Tagalog: Cardiff
Taqbaylit: Cardiff
Türkçe: Cardiff
Twi: Cardiff
удмурт: Кардифф
українська: Кардіфф
اردو: کارڈف
vèneto: Cardiff
Tiếng Việt: Cardiff
Võro: Caerdydd
West-Vlams: Cardiff
Winaray: Cardiff
吴语: 卡迪夫
ייִדיש: קארדיף
粵語: 卡迪夫
Zazaki: Cardiff
Zeêuws: Cardiff
中文: 加的夫