Carchemish

Viceroyalty of Carchemish / Kingdom of Carchemish

Karkamiša
c. 1321 BC–717 BC
Carchemish among the Neo-Hittite states
Carchemish among the Neo-Hittite states
CapitalCarchemish
Common languagesHittite, Hieroglyphic Luwian
Religion
Hittite-Luwian religion
GovernmentMonarchy
Historical eraBronze Age, Iron Age
• Established
c. 1321 BC
• Disestablished
717 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mitanni
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Today part of Turkey
 Syria

Carchemish (ʃ/ KEM-ish), also spelled Karkemish (Hittite: Karkamiš;[1] Turkish: Karkamış; Greek: Εὔρωπος, Europos; Latin: Europus), was an important ancient capital in the northern part of the region of Syria. At times during its history the city was independent, but it was also part of the Mitanni, Hittite and Neo-Assyrian Empires. Today it is on the frontier between Turkey and Syria.

It was the location of an important battle, about 605 BC, between the Babylonians and Egyptians, mentioned in the Bible (Jer. 46:2). Modern neighbouring cities are Karkamış in Turkey and Jarabulus in Syria (also Djerablus, Jerablus, Jarablos, Jarâblos);[2] the original form of the modern toponym seems to have been Djerabis or Jerabis, likely derived from Europos, the ancient name of the Hellenistic-Roman settlement.[3]

Geography of the site

Carchemish is now an extensive set of ruins (90 hectares, of which 55 lie in Turkey and 35 in Syria), located on the West bank of Euphrates River, about 60 kilometres (37 mi) southeast of Gaziantep, Turkey, and 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Aleppo, Syria. The site is crossed by the Baghdad Railway that now forms the Turco-Syrian border. The site includes an acropolis along the river, an Inner Town encircled by earthen ramparts and an Outer Town (most of which lies in Syrian territory). A Turkish military base has been estabilished at the site and access but only the acropolis is presently of restricted access.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Karkamis
العربية: كركميش
azərbaycanca: Karkemiş
تۆرکجه: کارکامیش
български: Каркемиш
català: Carquemix
čeština: Karchemiš
Deutsch: Karkemiš
Ελληνικά: Καρχεμίς
español: Karkemish
Esperanto: Karkemiŝ
euskara: Karkemish
فارسی: کارکمیش
français: Karkemish
galego: Karkemish
한국어: 카르케미시
հայերեն: Կարքեմիշ
hrvatski: Karkemiš
Bahasa Indonesia: Karkemis
italiano: Karkemiš
עברית: כרכמיש
ქართული: ქარხემიში
lietuvių: Karkemišas
magyar: Karkemis
Nederlands: Karkemish
norsk: Karkemisj
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Karxemish
polski: Karkemisz
português: Carquemis
русский: Каркемиш
slovenščina: Karkemiš
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Karkemiš
suomi: Karkemiš
svenska: Karkemisch
українська: Каркемиш