Capital city

An aerial photo of a North America city
Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States
A panorama of an European city
London, the capital of the United Kingdom
Seoul, the capital of South Korea
A panorama of a South American city
Brasília, the capital of Brazil

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government. A capital is typically a city that physically encompasses the government's offices and meeting places; the status as capital is often designated by its law or constitution. In some jurisdictions, including several countries, the different branches of government are located in different settlements. In some cases, a distinction is made between the official (constitutional) capital and the seat of government, which is in another place.

Capital cities that are also the prime economic, cultural, or intellectual centres of a nation or an empire are sometimes referred to as primate cities. Examples are Athens, Bangkok, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Copenhagen, Cairo, London, Mexico City, Paris, Seoul and Tokyo.

News media will often use the name of a capital city as an alternative name for the country of which it is the capital or of the government that is seated there, as a form of metonymy. For example, "relations between Washington and London" refer to "relations between the United States and the United Kingdom".

Terminology

The word capital derives from the Latin caput (genitive capitis), meaning "head".

In several English-speaking states, the terms county town and county seat are also used in lower subdivisions. In some unitary states, subnational capitals may be known as "administrative centres". The capital is often the largest city of its constituent, though not always.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hoofstad
Alemannisch: Hauptstadt
አማርኛ: ዋና ከተማ
Ænglisc: Hēafodstōl
العربية: عاصمة
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܪܫܟܝܬܐ
Avañe'ẽ: Tavusu
azərbaycanca: Paytaxt
تۆرکجه: پایتخت
বাংলা: রাজধানী
Bahasa Banjar: Indung banua
Bân-lâm-gú: Siú-to͘
Basa Banyumasan: Ibukota
башҡортса: Баш ҡала
беларуская: Сталіца
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сталіца
भोजपुरी: राजधानी
Bikol Central: Kapitolyo
Bislama: Kapitol
български: Столица
Boarisch: Haptstod
bosanski: Glavni grad
brezhoneg: Kêr-benn
буряад: Ниислэл
català: Capital
Чӑвашла: Тĕп хула
Cebuano: Kapital
čeština: Hlavní město
Cymraeg: Prifddinas
dansk: Hovedstad
davvisámegiella: Oaivegávpot
Deitsch: Haaptschtadt
Deutsch: Hauptstadt
ދިވެހިބަސް: ވެރިރަށް
dolnoserbski: Stolica
eesti: Pealinn
Ελληνικά: Πρωτεύουσα
Esperanto: Ĉefurbo
euskara: Hiriburu
فارسی: پایتخت
Fiji Hindi: Capital
føroyskt: Høvuðsstaður
français: Capitale
Frysk: Haadstêd
furlan: Capitâl
Gàidhlig: Prìomh-bhaile
galego: Capital
ГӀалгӀай: Наьна-гIала
ગુજરાતી: રાજધાની
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sú-tû
хальмг: Хотл балһсн
한국어: 수도
Hawaiʻi: Kapikala
հայերեն: Մայրաքաղաք
हिन्दी: राजधानी
hornjoserbsce: Stolica
hrvatski: Glavni grad
Ilokano: Kapitolio
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: রাজধানী
Bahasa Indonesia: Ibu kota
interlingua: Capital
isiXhosa: IKomkhulu
isiZulu: IsiQongo
íslenska: Höfuðborg
עברית: עיר בירה
Basa Jawa: Kutha krajan
ಕನ್ನಡ: ರಾಜಧಾನಿ
къарачай-малкъар: Ара шахар
ქართული: დედაქალაქი
kaszëbsczi: Stolëca
қазақша: Елорда
kernowek: Penncita
Kinyarwanda: Umurwa
Kiswahili: Mji mkuu
коми: Юркар
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kapital
kurdî: Paytext
Кыргызча: Борбор шаар
Latina: Caput (urbs)
latviešu: Galvaspilsēta
Lëtzebuergesch: Haaptstad
lietuvių: Sostinė
Limburgs: Houfsjtad
lingála: Mbóka-mokonzi
lumbaart: Capitala
magyar: Főváros
मैथिली: राजधानी
македонски: Главен град
Malagasy: Renivohitra
മലയാളം: തലസ്ഥാനം
Māori: Tāone matua
मराठी: राजधानी
მარგალური: ნანანოღა
مصرى: عاصمه
مازِرونی: نیشتنگاء
Bahasa Melayu: Ibu negara
Baso Minangkabau: Ibukota
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Siū-dŭ
Mirandés: Capital
монгол: Нийслэл хот
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မြို့တော်
Nāhuatl: Tēcuacān
Nederlands: Hoofdstad
Nedersaksies: Heufdstad
नेपाली: राजधानी
日本語: 首都
Napulitano: Capitale (città)
нохчийн: Коьрта гӀала
Norfuk / Pitkern: Kapitel citii
norsk: Hovedstad
norsk nynorsk: Hovudstad
Nouormand: Capitale
Novial: Chef-urbe
occitan: Capitala
олык марий: Рӱдола
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Poytaxt
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰਾਜਧਾਨੀ
پنجابی: راجگڑھ
Papiamentu: Kapital
Перем Коми: Канкар
Tok Pisin: Kapitol
Plattdüütsch: Hööftstadt
polski: Stolica
Ποντιακά: Πρωτεύουσα
português: Capital
Qaraqalpaqsha: Paytaxt
qırımtatarca: Paytaht
română: Capitală
rumantsch: Chapitala
Runa Simi: Uma llaqta
русиньскый: Головне місто
русский: Столица
саха тыла: Киин куорат
Gagana Samoa: Laumua
sardu: Capitale
Seeltersk: Haudstääd
Sesotho sa Leboa: Toropokgolo
shqip: Kryeqyteti
sicilianu: Capitali
සිංහල: අගනුවර
Simple English: Capital city
slovenčina: Hlavné mesto
slovenščina: Glavno mesto
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Стольнъ градъ
ślůnski: Stolica
Soomaaliga: Magaalo madax
کوردی: پایتەخت
Sranantongo: Mamafoto
српски / srpski: Главни град
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Glavni grad
Basa Sunda: Puseur dayeuh
svenska: Huvudstad
Tagalog: Kabisera
தமிழ்: தலைநகரம்
Taqbaylit: Tamanaɣt
tarandíne: Capitale, cetate
татарча/tatarça: Башкала
తెలుగు: రాజధాని
тоҷикӣ: Пойтахт
Türkçe: Başkent
Türkmençe: Paýtagt
удмурт: Шоркар
українська: Столиця
Vahcuengh: Soujduh
vèneto: Cavedal
vepsän kel’: Pälidn
Tiếng Việt: Thủ đô
Volapük: Cifazif
Võro: Pääliin
文言:
West-Vlams: Hoofdstad
吴语: 首都
ייִדיש: הויפטשטאט
Yorùbá: Olúìlú
粵語: 首都
Zazaki: Paytext
Zeêuws: Oôdstad
žemaitėška: Suostėnė
中文: 首都