## Capacity factor |

The net **capacity factor** is the ^{[1]} The capacity factor is defined for any electricity producing installation, such as a

The maximum possible energy output of a given installation assumes its continuous operation at full

The capacity factor is often computed over a timescale of a year,

- sample calculations
- determinants of a plant capacity factor
- capacity factor of renewable energy
- capacity factors by energy source
- see also
- references

Nuclear power plants are at the high end of the range of capacity factors, ideally reduced only by the ^{[2]} leading to a capacity factor of:

Each of Palo Verde’s three reactors is refueled every 18 months, with one refueling every spring and fall. In 2014, a refueling was completed in a record 28 days,^{[3]} compared to the 35 days of downtime that the 2010 capacity factor corresponds to.

The Danish offshore wind farm ^{[4]} has a nameplate capacity of 209.3 MW.
As of January 2017^{} it has produced 6416 GWh since its commissioning 7.3 years ago, i.e. an average annual production of 875 GWh/year and a capacity factor of:

^{[5]}

Sites with lower capacity factors may be deemed feasible for wind farms, for example the onshore 1 GW ^{} is under construction in Norway has a projected capacity factor of 39%.

Certain onshore wind farms can reach capacity factors of over 60%, for example the 44 MW Eolo plant in Nicaragua had a net generation of 232.132 GWh in 2015, equivalent to a capacity factor of 60.2%,^{[6]} while U.S. annual capacity factors from 2013 through 2016 range from 32.2% to 34.7%.^{[7]}

Since the capacity factor of a wind turbine measures actual production relative to possible production, it is unrelated to

As of 2017^{} the

^{[8]} and an annual generation averaging 4.2 TW·h.^{[8]} (The annual generation has varied between a high of 10.348 TW·h in 1984, and a low of 2.648 TW·h in 1956.^{[8]}).
Taking the average figure for annual generation gives a capacity factor of:

At the low range of capacity factors is the

For example,

- .

A significantly lower capacity factor is achieved by

Other Languages

العربية: معامل الحمل

čeština: Koeficient ročního využití

Deutsch: Nutzungsgrad

español: Factor de planta

فارسی: ضریب ظرفیت

français: Facteur de charge (électricité)

italiano: Fattore di capacità

português: Fator de capacidade

svenska: Kapacitetsfaktor

Türkçe: Kapasite faktörü

українська: Коефіцієнт використання встановленої потужності

中文: 容量因子