Cannes

Cannes
Commune
The Promenade de la Croisette
Coat of arms of Cannes
Coat of arms
Cannes is located in France
Cannes
Cannes
Location within Provence-A.-C.d'A. region
Cannes is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Cannes
Cannes
Coordinates: 43°33′05″N 7°00′46″E / 43°33′05″N 7°00′46″E / 43.5513; 7.0128
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentAlpes-Maritimes
ArrondissementGrasse
CantonCannes-1 and 2
IntercommunalityCA Cannes Pays de Lérins
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) David Lisnard UMP
Area119.62 km2 (7.58 sq mi)
Population (2012)273,603
 • Density3,800/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code06029 /06400
Elevation0–260 m (0–853 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Cannes (n/; French: [kan]; Occitan: Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera. It is a commune located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, and host city of the annual Cannes Film Festival, Midem, and Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity. The city is known for its association with the rich and famous, its luxury hotels and restaurants, and for several conferences. On 3 November 2011 it also played host to the G20 organisation of industrialised nations.

History

By the 2nd century BC, the Ligurian Oxybii established a settlement here known as Aegitna (Αἴγιθνα in Ancient Greek). Historians are unsure what the name means. The area was a fishing village used as a port of call between the Lérins Islands.

Cannes seen from Spot Satellite

In 69 AD, it became the scene of violent conflict between the troops of Otho and Vitellius.[1]

In the 10th century, the town was known as Canua.[2] The name may derive from "canna," a reed. Canua was probably the site of a small Ligurian port, and later a Roman outpost on Le Suquet hill, suggested by Roman tombs discovered here. Le Suquet housed an 11th-century tower which overlooked swamps where the city now stands. Most of the ancient activity, especially protection, was on the Lérins Islands and the history of Cannes is closely tied to the history of the islands.

An attack by the Saracens in 891, who remained until the end of the 10th century, devastated the country around Canua. The insecurity of the Lérins islands forced the monks to settle on the mainland, at the Suquet. Construction of a castle in 1035 fortified the city by then known as Cannes, and at the end of the 11th century construction was started on two towers on the Lérins islands. One took a century to build.

Around 1530, Cannes detached from the monks who had controlled the city for hundreds of years and became independent.

During the 18th century, both the Spanish and British tried to gain control of the Lérins Islands but were chased away by the French. The islands were later controlled by many, such as Jean-Honoré Alziary, and the Bishop of Fréjus. They had many different purposes: at the end of the 19th century, one served as hospital for soldiers wounded in the Crimean War.

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux bought land at the Croix des Gardes and constructed the villa Eleonore-Louise. His work to improve living conditions attracted the English aristocracy, who also built winter residences.

At the end of the 19th century, several railways were completed, which prompted the arrival of streetcars. In Cannes, projects such as the Boulevard Carnot and the rue d'Antibes were carried out. After the closure of the Casino des Fleurs (hôtel Gallia), a luxury establishment was built for the rich winter clientele, the Casino Municipal next to the pier Albert-Edouard. This casino was demolished and replaced by the new Palace in 1979.

In the 20th century, new luxury hotels such as the Carlton, Majestic, Martinez, and JW Marriott Cannes were built. The city was modernised with a sports centre, a post office, and schools. There were fewer British and German tourists after the First World War but more Americans. Winter tourism gave way to summer tourism and the summer casino at the Palm Beach was constructed.

The city council had the idea of starting an international film festival shortly before World War II. The first opened on 20 September 1946, held in the Casino Municipal.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Cannes
Akan: Cannes
العربية: كان (فرنسا)
asturianu: Cannes
azərbaycanca: Kann
تۆرکجه: کن (فرانسه)
bamanankan: Cannes
Bân-lâm-gú: Cannes
беларуская: Каны
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Канны
brezhoneg: Canas
català: Canes
Cebuano: Cannes
čeština: Cannes
Cymraeg: Cannes
dansk: Cannes
davvisámegiella: Cannes
Deutsch: Cannes
eesti: Cannes
Ελληνικά: Κάννες
español: Cannes
Esperanto: Cannes
euskara: Cannes
français: Cannes
Gaeilge: Cannes
galego: Cannes
한국어: 칸 (도시)
Հայերեն: Կանն
हिन्दी: कैन
hrvatski: Cannes
Ido: Cannes
Bahasa Indonesia: Cannes
Interlingue: Cannes
Ирон: Каннтæ
italiano: Cannes
עברית: קאן
Kiswahili: Cannes
Кыргызча: Канн
Latina: Canoae
latviešu: Kannas
Lëtzebuergesch: Cannes
lietuvių: Kanai
lingála: Cannes
magyar: Cannes
македонски: Кан (Азурен Брег)
Malagasy: Cannes
مازِرونی: کن (فرانسه)
Bahasa Melayu: Cannes
Nederlands: Cannes
日本語: カンヌ
нохчийн: Каннаш
norsk: Cannes
norsk nynorsk: Cannes
occitan: Canas
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kann
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕੈਨ
Piemontèis: Cannes
polski: Cannes
português: Cannes
română: Cannes
русский: Канны
sardu: Cannes
Scots: Cannes
shqip: Cannes
sicilianu: Cannes
Simple English: Cannes
slovenčina: Cannes
slovenščina: Cannes
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Cannes
suomi: Cannes
svenska: Cannes
Tagalog: Cannes
татарча/tatarça: Канн
ไทย: กาน
Türkçe: Cannes
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Cannes
українська: Канни
vepsän kel’: Kannad
Tiếng Việt: Cannes
Volapük: Cannes
Winaray: Cannes
粵語: 康城
中文: 戛纳